CSS Old Paper Environmental Sciences



FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION-2016
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS
PART-I(MCQS):  MAXIMUM 30 MINUTES
PART-I (MCQS)   MAXIMUM MARKS = 20
PART-II   MAXIMUM MARKS = 80
NOTE: (i)  Part-II is to be attempted on the separateAnswer Book.
(ii)  Attempt ONLY FOUR questions fromPART-II. ALL questions carryEQUAL marks.
(iii) All the parts (if any) of each Question must be attempted at one place instead of at different places.
(iv) Candidate must write Q. No. in the Answer Book in accordance with Q. No. in the Q.Paper.
(v)  No Page/Space be left blank between the answers. All the blank pages of Answer Book must be crossed.(vi)  Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.
PART-II
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Q. No. 2. What is the Importance of the Report “Our Common Future” in the history of
Environmental Movement? What common threats were identified in the report and what measures were suggested for the sustainability of the earth system?(20)
Q. No. 3. Discuss in detail the Environmental Implications of Demographic factors.Elaborate the
consequences of each Environmental Implication.(20)
Q. No. 4. Do you believe that Genders play their roles differently in Environmental Management and Conservation? Discuss in detail the concept of “Ecofeminism” from international and national perspective taking into consideration the gendered rights toresources.(20)
Q. No. 5. How Technological Development leads to Climate Change and consequent change in
Natural and Societal Systems? Also furnish possible adaptation options to Climate Change.(20)
Q. No. 6. What are the salient features of the Environmental Policy of Pakistan? Discuss if
pertinent laws and institutions are existent and justifiably effective.(20)
Q. No. 7. What are salient requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change?Why there was a need for supplementary KyotoProtocol?Elaborate the controversies associated with the protocol.(20)
Q. No. 8. Write short notes on any FOUR of the following:   (5each)
(a)  CDM (b)  Genetic Pollution
(c)  Impacts of Noise Pollution (d)  Causes of Desertification
(e)  Carbon Sequestration (f)  Urban Heat Island Effect

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