District Jehlum Profile General Information

In ancient days Jhelum was known as Jalham. This word is combination of two wordsJal & Ham. Jal means pure water & Ham stands for snow. 

The District of Jhelum was establishedunder the British regime on 23rd March 1849. The Head quarter of the district was Pind DadanKhan. It consisted of Tehsils of P.D. Khan, Chakwal and Jabbi. In the same yeartehsil of Rohtas was also transferred to this district from Rawalpindi. In 1850 Jabbi Tehsil wasabolished and new Tehsil of Jhelum was constituted. In 1857 Talagang tehsil wastransferred to Campbellpur district. Thus at the time of independence thedistrict consisted of three tehsils Jhelum,Pind Dadan Khan and Chakwal. During the year 1985 Chakwal district was createdcomprising Chakwal Tehsil, Talagang Tehsil of Attock District & substantial partof Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil. Jhelum Tehsil was bifurcated in two parts by creatinga new Tehsil of Sohawa out of it with effect from July, 1985. In the year, 2003,the Tehsil Jhelum was once again bifurcated into parts by creating a new Tehsilnamely Dina, w.e.f. 30/10/2003. Now the District Jhelum consists of the following fourTehsils.
1. JHELUM
2. DINA
3. SOHAWA
4. PIND DADAN KHAN.
The Administrative Headquarters are at Jhelumwhich is situated in the extreme South Eastern corner of the District.
LOCATION
District Jhelum is situated in the North-East of Punjab, Jhelum spreads on both sides of the Grand Trunk Road. It is bound inthe North by Rawalpindi District, in the South by Mandi Baha-ud-Din, Gujrat andSargodha in the East by Azad Jammu and Kashmir and in the West by Chakwal & Khushab from which it isseparated by the mountain range called the Kohistan-e-Namak.
The river passes through the Eastern and Southern Parts of the district. Thesoil adjoining the river is generally plain, alluvial and quite fertile. Thisarea is generally cultivable and produces all types of crops. In the North,however, most of the upland is rough and broken. The land here is mostly fertilebut Barani Mountains of the Salt Rangewith interspersed plateaus cover much of it. The western edge of Tehsil PD Khanis both exceedingly rough and difficult in approach making this area relativelyinaccessible. The newly constructed Motorway is now opened up this area.
Table 1.1 AREA OF THE DISTRICT
Total Area of the District
Cultivable Area
Uncultivable Area
858,767 Acres
316,815 Acres
541,952 Acres
In terms of square kilometers thetotal area of the district is 3,587
CLIMATE AND GENERAL SOILCONDITIONS.
The climate of the district is hot in summer and dry cold in winter. Theaverage annual rain fall is 880 mm. The temperature during the winter seasonremains between 8C to 20C which shoots upto 42C during summer. The climate andsoil conditions are generally suitable for industrialization.

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