District Chiniot Profile General Knowledge



Chiniot 

Chiniot has ancient origins, with some scholars linking it to atown mentioned in Rig Veda. A town called Channiwat is also mentioned byAl-Beruni. The first Mughal Emperor Babur put a special note on this historicalplace in his book. We find the town's name in the writings of Chinesehistorians as the Chinese traders used the Chenab and Jhelumriver routes for trade purposes. The town housed one of the three ancientuniversities of the Punjab (the other two being atAjodhan and Taxila). The area of Chiniot and the waves of Chenabhave seen ages and civilizations. The ancient mounds and ruins in thesurroundings of Chiniot suggest the oldest settlements of Aryans, Buddhists,Greeks and the Hindu-Muslim periods spread over hundreds of years. Greek Age(328 BC) objects like toys, broken earthenware, domestic utensils and coinswere also discovered In 1999 from the hills near Chiniot.
A pictographic-writing found carved on these hills has closeresemblance with the pictographic-writings found at Harappaand Moenjodaro sites. Many a times the city was built and ruined by variousinvaders and warriors. The first authentic source of history dates back to 326BC when Alexander army conquered the region of Chiniot which was taken over byChandar Gupt Maurya two years later who ruled over the place till 30 BC. Otherswho ruled Chiniot were Raja Chach (712 AD), Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi (1010 AD),Mehmood Ghauri (1206 AD), Slave Dynasty (1218 AD), Zaheer-u-Din Babar(1528-1540 AD), Sher Shah Suri and Jahangir (1605 -1627 AD). Chiniot was alsoconquered by Gandha Singh. and eventually Ranjit Singh took over Chiniot in1805, and thereafter in 1849 the British took control of the city.
Muhammad Bin Qasim was the first one who raised the flag ofIslam in this area in 712 AD. However, the most prosperous days of Chiniot wereduring the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan, and the elegant Shahi Mosque was builtduring this period.

Important Places

Umar Hayat Mahal
A number of historical buildings in Chiniot tell the tales of its gloriouspast. One of them, Umar Hayat Palace (also called Gulzar Manzil),is a masterpiece of indigenous art and architecture, located in the centre ofthe city. If architecture is frozen music, then Guizar Manzil in Chiniot is thecreativity of human spirit, with its beautiful Jharokas (balconies) andexquisitely engraved arches. It has a great attraction for local and foreigntourists.
Umar Hayat was a successful trader. In 1923 he decidedto construct a wonderful place and the construction work was completed byhundreds of workers in 14 years and this masterpiece of art and masonry wasnamed as Gulzar Manzil in the name of his son, Gulzar. But Umar Hayat could notsee and enjoy his masterpiece as he died in 1935 just before its completion.Gulzar Manzil showcases beautiful architectural patterns which have become ararity. This beautiful four-storeyed palace is adorned with unique art work andis one of the most artistic buildings in the architectural history of thesubcontinent. In 1990. the building was taken over by the government. A room ofthe building was converted into a museum with antiques belonging to Chiniot. Alibrary has also been established with thousands of books.

Shahi Mosque
This elegant mosque was built by Nawab Saad UlIah Khan (1595- 1655). the PrimeMinister of lndo-Pak Subcontinent during Emperor Shah Jahan reign. Built during1646 to 1655 AD, this mosque is one of the major sights of the town, It is anexceedingly handsome edifice of hewn stone obtained from the hills nearChiniot. Like Masjid Wazir Khan, Badshahi Mosque Lahoreand Jamia Mosque Delhi. Almost allsalient features of Muslim architecture are fully reflective in theconstruction of Shahi Mosque. which because of its artistic skill and beautyseems remarkable even today.



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