Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination-2016
I. Public Administration: Concepts, Approaches and Context
Definitions; Role and Scope of Public Administration in Society; Issues in Public
Administration Theory and Practice – Democracy versus Bureaucracy, Politics versus
Administration, Efficiency versus Equity; Core Values of Public Administration – Rule
of Law, Efficiency, Equity and Fairness, Responsiveness; Traditional Public
Administration; New Public Management; New Public Service; Governance Approach
to Public Administration; Islamic Concept of Public Administration; Historical roots of
Public administration in Pakistan.
II. Public Organization: Classical and Contemporary Theories and Concepts
Bureaucracy; Scientific Management; The Human Relations; Leadership, Motivation,
Network; Governance; Strategic Management; Public Choice; Administrative Culture;
Types of Organizational Structure; Organization of Federal, Provincial, and Local
Government in Pakistan; Administrative Culture of Pakistan; Inter-governmental
Relations at Federal and Provincial level in Pakistan.
III. Public Policy Planning, Implementation and Evaluation
Strategic Planning and Management; Planning Process; Policy Analysis; Policy
Implementation; Program Evaluation; Planning Machinery; Role of Donors and
International Institutions in Public Policy and Management; Policy making and
implementation of Federal Government of Pakistan.
IV. Budgeting and Financial Management
The Budget as a Policy Tool; The Budget as a Managerial Tool; Principles of
Budgeting, Auditing and Accounting in Government; The Line-Item Budget; The
Performance Budget; Program Budgeting; Zero-Base Budgeting; Outcome-Based
Budgeting. Planning and Budgeting in Pakistan.
V. Managing Human Resources
Spoil versus Merit System in Public Employment; Personnel versus Human Resources
Management; Close versus Open System of Public Employment; Functions of Human
Resources Management; Challenges of Adopting HRM in Public Sector.
VI. Administrative Law
Meaning, Scope and Significance; Nature and Contents of Administrative Law,
Administrative Ethics, Delegation of authority and Legislation, Administrative Tribunals;
Administrative Law- Pakistan.
VII. Public Management Skills
Communication; Decision Making, Conflict Management; Leading,
AdministrativeBuffering; Managing Change; Managing Diversity; Stress Management;
Delegation; Public Service Motivation; Creativity and Problem Solving; Issues of Public
VIII. The Civil Service of Pakistan
Historical Background of Civil Service, The Structure of civil Service; History of Civil
Service Reform; Management of Civil Service; Institutional and Cultural Context of
Civil Service; Role of Civil Service in Good Governance, Gender and Civil Service.
IX. Organization of Provincial and Local Government
Governance Structure of Provincial Administration; Organization of Provincial
Secretariat; Organization and Functions of Provincial Authorities and Agencies and
their Relationship with Government Departments; Post-devolution Local Governance;
Organization and Functions of District Government and Administration; Organization
and Structure of City District Government; Issues and Challenges of Local
X. Governance and Administrative Reforms
Theories of Administrative Reforms; Types of Administrative Reforms, Privatization,
Regulation, De-regulation, Decentralization, Business Re-engineering, Quality
Assurance; Administrative Reform in Pakistan.
XI. Public Administration: Accountability & Control
Bureaucratic Responsiveness; Representative Bureaucracy; Citizens Engagement in
Public Service; Accountability & Control, The Concept and Approaches to Public
Accountability ofPublic Service; Institutional Framework for Administrative
Accountability; Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over Administration,
Administrative Corruption; Role of Civil Society in Good Governance, Media, Interest
Groups, Civil Society Organizations; The Situation in Pakistan.
XII. Public Administration and Development
Role of Public Administration in Development; Concept of Development
Administration; Difference Between Development Administration and Development
Management; Changing Role of Public Administration in Development, Issues and
Challenges in Public Administration- The Pakistan Situation.