CSS Philosophy Syllabus

Revised New Syllabus
I. Introduction:
Definition, Nature and Scope of Philosophy

II. Philosophical Methods:
Socratic Method (Socrates); Inductive Method (Bacon, Mill); Deductive Method
(Aristotle, Descartes); Dialectical Method (Hegel); Fallibilistic Method (Popper)

III. Epistemology: Rationalism (Plato, Descartes, Spinoza); Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley,
Hume); Transcendentalism (Kant); Intuitionism (Bergsonl)

IV. Ontology: Idealism (Plato, Berkeley); Representative Realism (Locke); Materialism

V. Muslim Thinkers: Allama Iqbal., Imam Ghazali, Al-Farabi, Ibn-e- Sina, Ibn-e-Khaldun, Ibn-e-Rushid, Shah Wali Ullah

VI. Ethics: What is morality? The challenge of cultural relativism: Does morality depend
on religion. Psychological and ethical egoism: Virtue Ethics (Aristotle), Moral
Absolutism (Kant), Utilitarianism (Mill), Social Contract Theory.

VII. Contemporary Philosophical Movements:
Existentialism (Heidegger, Sartre); Pragmatism (Peirce, James, Dewey); Neo-pragmatism (Rorty); Postmodernism (Lyotard, Foucault, Derrida)


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