CSS Governance Public Policies Paper Syllabus

PAPER: GOVERNANCE & PUBLIC POLICIES (100 MARKS)
I. Basic Concepts of Governance:
Origin of the term Governance
Definition of Governance
Definition of Good Governance
Characteristics of Good Governance: Participation, Rule of law, Transparency,
Responsiveness, Equity, Effectiveness and Efficiency, Accountability, Strategic
Vision
Collapse/Failure of Governance: its indicators diagnostic tools & Effects
II. Governance Theories:
Communitarianism
Decentered Theory
Libertarian Socialism
Institutionalism
Marxism
Neoliberalism
Rational Choice Theory
Regulation Theory
III. Governance Indicators laid by World Bank/IMF/UNESCO/UNDP/ADB, their
Explanation & Application Level in Pakistan:
Voice and Accountability
Political Stability and Absence of Violence
Government Effectiveness
Regulatory Authorities & their Quality
Rule of Law
Control of Corruption
IV. Public Policy and Planning Institutions and their role in Plannng
Institutional Framework for Policy Coordination and Planning(ECNEC, Economic
Coordination Committees of the Cabinet, The Federal Cabinet, The Secretaries
Committee, The Prime Minister’s Secretariat, The Planning Commission, The
Finance Division, The Cabinet Division, and all Federal Ministries for their
respective subjects)
Role of Planning Commission in Policy and Planning
Strategic Planning in Federal
Provincial Government and Local Government
Role of International Donors in Policy Formulation (IMF Document “Memorandum
on Economic and Financial Policies 2013/14–2015/16,” that underpins almost all
public policies.)
Public Policy and Implementation in Key Sectors (i.e., Health, Education).
V. Accountability:
General Introduction to Accountability and its concepts(Standards, Symbolism,
regional and country-wide comparisons, a Review of Contemporary Studies)
Types of Accountability- Political Accountability, Legal/ Judicial Accountability,
Administrative Accountability, Professional Accountability, Private vs. Public
Accountability
National Strategies against Corruption and remedial measures.
VI. Bureaucracy:
Introduction to the Concept of Bureaucracy(History, Neutrality, Steel Frame of the
State, Negative Connotations Associated with the term)
Theories of Bureaucracy (Max Weber, Marx, John Stewart Mill, Woodrow Wilson)
Role of Bureaucracy in Pakistan (British legacy, civil-military relations, neutrality,
dilution of neutrality, political allegiance, power, corrupting the incumbent,
institutional degradation, constitutional guarantees, indexing of salaries with the
CPI or lack thereof.)
Public Administration and Code of Ethics (Effectiveness of the Estacode and the
Code of Ethics, Comparison with other countries)
VII. Public Policy Formulation and Implementation
The Policy Making Process: How Policies are Made (Six including diagnosis and
six stages with cautions to be exercise at each stage)
Policy Implementation & Role of Bureaucracy (Training, Pervasive Inertia and
how to break it, Lack of Decision Making, Culture of postponement and delays,
Lack of resources, Political interference, Ability to say “No.”)
Policy Analysis, The Quest for Solutions (Lack of research in policy analysis,
Lack of coordination among departments, secrecy, openness)
Policy Evaluation: Assessing The Impact of Public Policy, Program Evaluation-Success and failure of Govt.
VIII. Multi-level Governance in Pakistan:
Legislature: National Assembly, Senate, Provisional Assemblies
Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Lower Courts
Functioning of the offices:
President of Pakistan,
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Office of Governor,
Office of Chief Minister, Federal Cabinet, Cabinet Committees, Federal
Secretariat, Provincial Secretariat
Local Government system: District Government, Zila Government, Tehsil
Government, Union Administration, Its Efficacy, Performance & Causes of
Success or Failure
Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination-2016
IX. Federalism, Devolution and Decentralization
Constituents participation in Federal Structure
Principle of Subsidiarity in Public Service Delivery
Decentralization Model of Kerala
X. Role of Citizens in Governance
XI. Good Governance in Islam
Quranic Guidance on Good Governance
Concept of Governance and its application in light of Quran; Sunnah and Fiqh.

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