CSS Anthropology Paper Syllabus

I. Anthropology
Definition of anthropology, its historical development and recent trends
II. Social Anthropology
Definition of culture, its characteristics and functions
Relationship of anthropology with other social sciences
Sub fields of anthropology that is Biological, archeological, linguistics
Institution of Family and Marriage
(Definition, types, structure, functions, family organization)
Kinship and Social Organization
(Definition, types, functions, kinship terminology etc)
Economic Organization: (Definition, evolution, substantivism versus formalism,
reciprocity, production, consumption, redistribution, barter and primitive economic
Political organization: (Definition, evolution of political system, characteristics of
Band societies, tribal societies, Chiefdom, and State societies. Internal conflict
theories, external conflict theories, origin of civilization, the politic of identity,
ethnicity, nationalism modernism, post modernism etc
Religion: (Definition, evolution of primitive religions, functions of religion,
comparison of divine religions and other world religions such as Hinduism,
Buddhism, Jainism etc
Contemporary human problems; such as poverty, social inequality, political
instability, population problems and ethnic violence and terrorism etc
III. Urban Anthropology
Rural-urban migration, expansion of cities, major environmental issues, and sanitation
problems. Urbanization and development, establishment of slums and squatter settlements,
refugees, Yankees, betties, gypsies, wars and conflict. Conversion of power from feudal to
industrialists, institutionalization, education system, and change in the mode of production:
agriculture to Capitalists’ poverty: theories and remedies, psychological, cultural,
economical, political, religious, physical, environmental, ecological, demographical, lingual,
and city management. Conflict theory: Carl Marx, problems created by the mechanization
and automation.
IV. Socio-Cultural Changes
Definitions of socio-cultural Changes, various Dimensions of Social Change, barriers in
socio-cultural and psychological change. Motivational factors for change, Population
Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination-2016
pressure, diffusion of innovation, socio-religious barriers in accepting the innovation and
new ideas. Media and Cultural Change, Dynamics of change in Pakistan: Trends and
V. Ethnicity and race
Ethnic Groups and Ethnicity: Origin of race and theories; Ethnic Groups, Nations and
Nationality; Ethnic Conflict; Degree of Social Variation; Rank Societies; caste and Class
Societies; Racism and Inequality, Ethnicity and Inequality, and Social Stratification etc.
VI. Anthropological Theories
Contributors: (Edward Burnett Taylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, James Frazer, Kari
Marx, Edmund Leach, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Alfred
Krobber, AR Radcliff-Brown, Malinowski, Clifford Geertz, Talal Asad, Akbar S
Ahamd, ibne-Khaldoon, Shah Waliulah)
Classical Theories (Degenerations, Evolutionism, Diffusions,
Modern Theories Functionalism, Structural-functionalism, Class struggle,
Structuralism, Historical Particularism, Feminism, Culture and personality)
Current Trends in Anthropological Thoughts: (Post Modernism, Romanticism,
Poetics and Political of Ethnography)
VII. Anthropological Research Methods
Meaning, definition, types and aims of social research
Qualitative and Quantitative research
Purpose of research, Research Question, Variables, Hypothesis, Research
Objective, Research design, Sampling, field Data Collection, Tools of Data
Collection (Questionnaire, Interview, Participant Observation), Data Classification,
Data Analysis, and Report Writing.


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