Officiallanguage-German French Italian Romansh
Legislature Federal Assembly
Upper house Council of States
Lower house National Council.
Area-Total 41,285 km2
Currency Swiss franc
It is bordered by Italy to the south
France to the west
Germany to the north
Austria and Liechtenstein to the east
Switzerland is a landlocked country
The Federal Constitution adopted in 1848 is the legal foundation of the modern federal state.
There are three main governing bodies on the federal level
1.the bicameral parliament (legislative),
2.Federal Council (executive) and
3.the Federal Court (judicial).
The Swiss Parliament consists of two houses:
the Council of States which has 46 representatives (two from each canton and one from each half-canton).
the National Council, which consists of 200 members.
Members of both houses serve for 4 years.
When both houses are in joint session, they are known collectively as the Federal Assembly.
The Federal Council constitutes the federal government, directs the federal administration
and serves as collective Head of State.
It is a collegial body of seven members, elected for a four-year mandate by the Federal Assembly.T
The President of the Confederation is elected by the Assembly from among the seven members.
The Swiss Confederation consists of 20 cantons and 6 half cantons
Switzerland has official state religion.
The Swiss News Agency (SNA) broadcasts information around-the-clock.
Skiing, snowboarding and mountaineering are among the most popular sports in Switzerland.
The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291
The Latin name Confoederatio Helvetica was neologized and introduced gradually after
the formation of the federal state in 1848.
It has the world's nineteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and the thirty-sixth largest by purchasing power parity. It is the twentieth largest exporter, despite its size.