Thursday, March 6, 2014

Important Events In the History of Islam

545 Birth of Hazrat Abdullah, the Holy Prophet's father.
Second Page of This Paper
571 Birth of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Year of the Elephant. Invasion of Makkah by

Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen, his retreat (military forces go back).

577 The Holy Prophet PBUH  visits Madina with his mother. Death of his mother.

580 Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet (PBUH ).

583 The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra, who foretells of his prophet hood.

586 The Holy Prophet (PBUH) participates in the war of Fijar.

591 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul", a league for the relief of the distressed.

594 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadijah (R.A) and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back.

595 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) marries Hazrat Khadijah.

605 The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba.

610 The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is commissioned as the Messenger of God.

613 Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam.

614 Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam.

615 Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia

616 Second Hijrah to Abyssinia

617 Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah.

619 Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hazrat Khadijah (R.A) ,Year of sorrow (1OH)

620 Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens.

621 First pledge at Aqaba.

622 Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet (PBUH ) and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.

623: Nakhla expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose ).

624 Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.

625 Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) of Badr.

626 Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) of Banu Mustaliq

627 Battle of the Trench Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.

628 Truce (temporary agreement to cease hostilities) of Hudaibiya. Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose ) to Khyber. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) addresses letters to various heads of states.

629 The Holy Prophet PBUH  performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Muta (Romans).

630 Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunain, Auras, and Taif.

631 Expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Tabuk Year of Deputations (delegations).

632 Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.

632 Death of the Holy Prophe. Election of Hazrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition (journey or voyage for a particular purpose) to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.

633 Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut (ÍÖÑãæÊ ). Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.

634 Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hazrat Abu Bakr. Hazrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.

635 Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus (ÏãÔÞ ). Battle of Fahl.
 

636 Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.
 

637 Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem . Battle of Jalula.
 

638 Conquest of Jazirah.
 

639 Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.
 

640 Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt.

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