General KNowledge of World Famous Battles






































































































































































































Name of the Battle



Year



Countries involved



Battle of Marathon



490 BC



Athenians and Persians. King Darius of Persia defeated.



Battle of Thermoplaye



480 BC



Spartans led by Leonidas and Persians led by Xerexes. Greeks defeated.



Battle of Salamis



480 BC



Athenian fleet and Persian fleet in bay of Salamis; Persian fleet defeated.



Battle of Platae



479 BC



Greek and Persians forces defeated.



Battle of Mycale



479 BC



Greek and Persian fleets; Persian fleet defeated.



Spartan War I (Peloponesian War)



459 BC



Sparta and Athens, lasted for 30 years.



Spartan War II



431 BC-421



Sparta and Athens; Spartans victorious.



Battle of Arabia



331 BC



Greek and Persian forces; Greeks victorious.



Battle of Magnesia



190 BC



Syrian and Roman forces; Syrian forces defeated (North-west Lydia).



Battle of Pharasalus



48 AD



Caesar defeated Pompey.



Battle of Hastings



1066



William, the Duck of Normandy defeated Harold, the king of England. England came under the control of Normans.



Hundred- year War



1338-


1453



Fought between France and England .


The cause of the war was the succession was claimed to the throne of France which was claimed by Edward III of England. The war was resume by Henry V and was brought to an end by the Heroism of Joan of Arc – ‘A Country girl who overthrew the power of England ‘. John of Arc was burnt alive at the stakes in 1431.



War of the Roses



1455-


1485



Civil War in England; The Cause of the


War was a struggle for the throne o England between the two royal houses of Lancaster and York.



Anglo-Spanish War


(Spanish armada War)



1588



Spanish and England fleets fought in the England Channel; The English fleet under lord Howard Defeated of the Spanish Armada.



Battle of Gibraltar Way



1607



The Dutch defeated the Spanish and Portuguese.



Thirty-year War



1618-


1648



Stated as religious-cum-political war


Between the Lutherans and Catholics in


Germany and developed into an international war.



Civil War in England



1642-


style="mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;">1649



Between Cavaliers (King Charles I supporters)and forces of Parliament led by Oliver Cromwell, king Charles I executed .



Battle of Blenheim



1704



England and Austria headed by Marlborough defended France and Russia.



War of Austrian


Succession



1740-


1748



Queen of Austria, Maria Theresa


(daughter of Charles VII ) was Challenged by king Frederick II of Prussia. England Supported the Queen and Frederick II was helped by France. Ended with a Treaty Which recognized the Queen’s right to the throne after the death of king Frederick.



Seven -Year War


(Anglo-French War III)



1756-


1763



Britain and France against Austria and


Prussia; the British alliance won.



Battle of the Nile



1798



British and French fleets, Britain victorious.



Battle of Trafolgar



1805



British fleet defeated fleets of France and Spain. British fleets were commanded by Admiral Nelson, who was killed during the Battle.



Battle of Austerliz



1805



Britain , Austria ,Russia and Prussia .On side and France on the other. Napoleon (France) defeated Austria and Russia.



Battle of Borodino



1812



Between France and Russia. Napolean invaded Russia at Borodino, and nearly defeated the Russians. However on reaching Moscow, his army suffered heavy losses and was forced to retreat. Napolean’s ill-fated attack on Russia market the beginning of the downfall of the French Empire.



Battle of Leipzing



1813



Germany and combined force of Austria, Prussia and Russia, Defeated Napolean.



Battle of Waterloo



1815



British forces and by Duke of Wellington (sir Arthur Wellesly) defeated French forces led by Napolean. Napolean was Captured and exiled to St. Helena where he died in 1821.



First Opium War



1840



China and Britain; Chinese yielded opium. It was a trade war.



Crimean War



1854-


1856



The Combined forces of the British,


French and Turks defeated Russia.



American Civil War



1861-


1865



Northern states of America under


Abraham Lincon defeated the Southern states and abolished the slavery.



Sino- Japanese War



1894-


1895



Japan Defeated China and occupied


Formosa and Korea.



Battle of Omdurman



1898



The British and Egyptian forces defeated


The forces of Khalifa (Mehdits).



Bear War



1899-


1901



The revolt of Transvaal Boers was


Suppressed by the British forces. Boers belonged to Dutch Protestant stock who opposed Britishers because of abolition of slavery by Britain.



Russo- Japanese War


(Battle of Port Arthur& Battle of Yalu)



1904-


1905



Russia and Japan in the sea of Japan.


Russia defeated; It led the wave of the idea of Asian Resurgence.



Balkan War I



1912



Turkey and Balkan countries (Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece), Turkey defeated.



Balkan War II



1913



Invasion of Serbia and Greece by Bulgaria. Bulgaria was Defeated by Combined forces of Serbia, Greece. Rumania, Montengro who stripped Turkey of most of its European territories.



World War I



1914-


1918



Central Power (Germany and its allies)


Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Central power were deeated. Famous Battles : (1). First battle of Marne (1914)- France defeated Germany.


(2). Battle o Jutland(1916)- Naval battle between England and Germany. England defeated Germa
ny. (3). Battle of Verdun (1916)- Fought between France & Germany . (4). Second battle of Marne(1918) – France defeated Germany.



World War II



1939-


1945



Axis Powers (Germany and its allies)


Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Axis Power were defeated. Famous Battle: Battle of EI Alamein (1942)-The Allies victory during the World War II and retreat of General Rommel’s forces


0 comments

Post a Comment