Saturday, March 8, 2014

General KNowledge of World Famous Battles


General Knowledge of World Famous Battles


Name of the Battle


Year


Countries involved


Battle of Marathon


490 BC


Athenians and Persians. King Darius of Persia defeated.


Battle of Thermoplaye


480 BC


Spartans led by Leonidas and Persians led by Xerexes. Greeks defeated.


Battle of Salamis


480 BC


Athenian fleet and Persian fleet in bay of Salamis; Persian fleet defeated.


Battle of Platae


479 BC


Greek and Persians forces defeated.


Battle of Mycale


479 BC


Greek and Persian fleets; Persian fleet defeated.


Spartan War I (Peloponesian War)


459 BC


Sparta and Athens, lasted for 30 years.


Spartan War II


431 BC-421


Sparta and Athens; Spartans victorious.


Battle of Arabia


331 BC


Greek and Persian forces; Greeks victorious.


Battle of Magnesia


190 BC


Syrian and Roman forces; Syrian forces defeated (North-west Lydia).


Battle of Pharasalus


48 AD


Caesar defeated Pompey.


Battle of Hastings


1066


William, the Duck of Normandy defeated Harold, the king of England. England came under the control of Normans.


Hundred- year War


1338-

1453


Fought between France and England .

The cause of the war was the succession was claimed to the throne of France which was claimed by Edward III of England. The war was resume by Henry V and was brought to an end by the Heroism of Joan of Arc – ‘A Country girl who overthrew the power of England ‘. John of Arc was burnt alive at the stakes in 1431.


War of the Roses


1455-

1485


Civil War in England; The Cause of the

War was a struggle for the throne o England between the two royal houses of Lancaster and York.


Anglo-Spanish War

(Spanish armada War)


1588


Spanish and England fleets fought in the England Channel; The English fleet under lord Howard Defeated of the Spanish Armada.


Battle of Gibraltar Way


1607


The Dutch defeated the Spanish and Portuguese.


Thirty-year War


1618-

1648


Stated as religious-cum-political war

Between the Lutherans and Catholics in

Germany and developed into an international war.


Civil War in England


1642-

style="mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;">1649


Between Cavaliers (King Charles I supporters)and forces of Parliament led by Oliver Cromwell, king Charles I executed .


Battle of Blenheim


1704


England and Austria headed by Marlborough defended France and Russia.


War of Austrian

Succession


1740-

1748


Queen of Austria, Maria Theresa

(daughter of Charles VII ) was Challenged by king Frederick II of Prussia. England Supported the Queen and Frederick II was helped by France. Ended with a Treaty Which recognized the Queen’s right to the throne after the death of king Frederick.


Seven -Year War

(Anglo-French War III)


1756-

1763


Britain and France against Austria and

Prussia; the British alliance won.


Battle of the Nile


1798


British and French fleets, Britain victorious.


Battle of Trafolgar


1805


British fleet defeated fleets of France and Spain. British fleets were commanded by Admiral Nelson, who was killed during the Battle.


Battle of Austerliz


1805


Britain , Austria ,Russia and Prussia .On side and France on the other. Napoleon (France) defeated Austria and Russia.


Battle of Borodino


1812


Between France and Russia. Napolean invaded Russia at Borodino, and nearly defeated the Russians. However on reaching Moscow, his army suffered heavy losses and was forced to retreat. Napolean’s ill-fated attack on Russia market the beginning of the downfall of the French Empire.


Battle of Leipzing


1813


Germany and combined force of Austria, Prussia and Russia, Defeated Napolean.


Battle of Waterloo


1815


British forces and by Duke of Wellington (sir Arthur Wellesly) defeated French forces led by Napolean. Napolean was Captured and exiled to St. Helena where he died in 1821.


First Opium War


1840


China and Britain; Chinese yielded opium. It was a trade war.


Crimean War


1854-

1856


The Combined forces of the British,

French and Turks defeated Russia.


American Civil War


1861-

1865


Northern states of America under

Abraham Lincon defeated the Southern states and abolished the slavery.


Sino- Japanese War


1894-

1895


Japan Defeated China and occupied

Formosa and Korea.


Battle of Omdurman


1898


The British and Egyptian forces defeated

The forces of Khalifa (Mehdits).


Bear War


1899-

1901


The revolt of Transvaal Boers was

Suppressed by the British forces. Boers belonged to Dutch Protestant stock who opposed Britishers because of abolition of slavery by Britain.


Russo- Japanese War

(Battle of Port Arthur& Battle of Yalu)


1904-

1905


Russia and Japan in the sea of Japan.

Russia defeated; It led the wave of the idea of Asian Resurgence.


Balkan War I


1912


Turkey and Balkan countries (Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece), Turkey defeated.


Balkan War II


1913


Invasion of Serbia and Greece by Bulgaria. Bulgaria was Defeated by Combined forces of Serbia, Greece. Rumania, Montengro who stripped Turkey of most of its European territories.


World War I


1914-

1918


Central Power (Germany and its allies)

Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Central power were deeated. Famous Battles : (1). First battle of Marne (1914)- France defeated Germany.

(2). Battle o Jutland(1916)- Naval battle between England and Germany. England defeated Germa
ny. (3). Battle of Verdun (1916)- Fought between France & Germany . (4). Second battle of Marne(1918) – France defeated Germany.


World War II


1939-

1945


Axis Powers (Germany and its allies)

Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Axis Power were defeated. Famous Battle: Battle of EI Alamein (1942)-The Allies victory during the World War II and retreat of General Rommel’s forces

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