General KNowledge of UNO

United Nations

Headquarters, New York City

Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Membership 192 member states

Leaders

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Belong to south korea

Establishment

United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945

Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945


Organization

Main article: United Nations System

The United Nations system is based on five principal organs

(formerly six – the Trusteeship Council suspended operations

in 1994);[6] the General Assembly, the Security Council,

the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat,

and the International Court of Justice.


Four of the five principal organs are located at the main

United Nations headquarters located on international territory

in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located

in The Hague, wh
ile other major agencies are based in the

UN offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other UN institutions


Name--------- Secertary General-----From—To


1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952

Resigned; First Secretary-General from Scandinavia

2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died while in office

3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 1 January 1972 First Secretary-General from Asia

4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 1 January 1982

5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 1 January

1992 First Secretary-General from South America

6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 1 January

1997 First Secretary-General from Africa

7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 1 January 2007

8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 Incumbent

UNO Agencies


Name of Agency


Estd. In


Headquarters


Purpose


International Labour Organization (ILO)


1919


Geneva


To improve conditions and living standard of workers.


World Health Organization (WHO)


1948


Geneva


Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)


1946


Paris


To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.


International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)


1957


Vienna


To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.


United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)


1946


New York


To promote children’s welfare all over the world.


United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)


1950


Geneva


To provide protection to refugees.


United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)


1967


New York


For formulating population policies.


International Fund for Agricultural Development


1977


Rome


For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise the economic growth.


United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)


1964


Geneva


Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries.


International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)


1947


Montreal


Promotes safety of international aviation.


International Monetary Fund (IMF)


1945


Washington D.C.


Promotes international monetary cooperation.


International Finance Corporation (IFC)


1956


Washington D.C.


Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.


Universal Postal Union (UPU)


1947


Berne


Improve various postal services in the world.


United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)


1972


Nairobi


Promotes international co-operation in human environment.


United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)


1967


Geneva


Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.


Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)


1945


Rome


To improve living condition of rural population.


International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)


1945


Washington D.C.


Development of economic of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.


World Meteorological Organization (WMO)


1950


Geneva


Promote international exchange of weather reports.


World Trade Organization (WTO)


1995


Geneva


Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)



New York


Help develo
ping countries increase the wealth producing capabilities o their natural and human resources.


Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)


1958


London


Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.


International Development Association (IDA)


1960


Washington D.C.


An affiliate of the World Bank, aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.


International Tele-communication Union (ITU)


1947


Geneva


Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications.


United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)


1965


New York


Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.


United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)


1949


New York


Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of Arab-Israel War.


United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)


1967


New York


Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programmes


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