General Knowledge of Africa



Africa

Africa is the second-largest continent in the world in both area and population.

Area:

About 30, 244, 000 km² (11, 700 000 mi²) including its adjacent islands.
It covers about 20 percent of Earth's total land area.

Population:

900,000,000, about 20 percent of the world's population.

Highest Point:

Mount Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Peak on the volcano Kibo, 5,895 m (19,340 ft) in Tanzania.

Largest Lake:

Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza; 68,870 sq km.

Longest River:

Nile. 6,695 km.

Languages of Africa:


About thousand languages classified in four major language families:
Afro-Asiatic (e.g. Berber lang), Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo (Bantu), and Khoi-San.


Countries in Africa


Eastern Africa

Burundi---------------Bujumbura
Comoros--------------Moroni
Djibouti---------------Djibouti
Eritrea----------------Asmara
Ethiopia---------------Addis Ababa
Kenya-----------------Nairobi
Madagascar-----------Antananarivo
Malawi----------------Lilongwe
Mauritius--------------Port Louis
Mozambique-----------Maputo
Réunion---------------Saint-Denis
Rwanda---------------Kigali
Seychelles------------Victoria
Somalia---------------Mogadishu
Tanzania--------------Dar es Salaam
Uganda---------------Kampala
Zambia----------------Lusaka
Zimbabwe-------------Harare

Central Africa (Middle Africa)


Angola----------------Luanda
Cameroon-------------Yaoundé
Central African Republic--Bangui
Chad------------------N'Djamena
Congo, Rep.(Brazzaville)--Brazzaville
Congo, Dem. Rep.(Kinshasa)--Kinshasa
Equatorial Guinea-------Malabo
Gabon------------------Libreville
São Tomé and Príncipe---São Tomé


Northern Africa

Algeria------------------Algiers
Egypt-------------------Cairo
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya---Tripoli
Morocco-----------------Rabat
Sudan-------------------Khartoum
Tunisia------------------Tunis
Western Sahara


Southern Africa


Botswana----------------Gaborone
Lesotho------------------Maseru
Namibia------------------Windhoek
South Africa--------------Pretoria
Swaziland----------------Mbabane



Western Africa



Benin---------------------Porto-Novo
Burkina Faso--------------Ouagadougou
Cape Verde---------------Praia
Côte d'Ivoire--------------Yamoussoukro
Gambia,-------------------The Banjul
Ghana---------------------Accra
Guinea---------------------Conakry
Guinea-Bissau--------------Bissau
Liberia---------------------Monrovia
Mali-----------------------Bamako
Mauritania-----------------Nouakchott
Niger-------------------
---Niamey
Nigeria--------------------Abuja
Saint Helena---------------Jamestown
Senegal-------------------Dakar
Sierra Leone---------------Freetown
Togo----------------------Lomé

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