CSS Syllabus of Islamic History and Culture

PAPER: ISLAMIC HISTORY & CULTURE (100 MARKS)
Revised Scheme and Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination-2016

Part –I (Marks 50)
I. Pre-Islamic Near East: An Overview
Political, Social, Cultural, Religious and Economic Conditions in the Near East
including Arabia before the dawn of Islam
II. The Dawn of Islam: The Prophetic Age (570-632)
Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): A Chronology of the Major
Events in his Life
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Motivator (Daa’i), Major points of his mission
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Military Leader/Strategist
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Political Leader/Head of the State
III. The Pious Caliphate (632-660)
Caliph Abu Bakr (632-34): Apostasy Wars and Consolidation of Islam
Caliph Umar b.Khattab (634-44): Establishment of Administrative System and
Expansion of Muslim Empire
Caliph Uthman b.Affan (644-56): Problems and Issues in the Muslim Community
Caliph Ali b.Talib (656-660): Rise of Factionalism
Abdication of Imam Hasan and Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty (660)
IV. Political System of Islam under the Prophet (PBUH) and the Pious Caliphate
Nature of Islamic State
Form of the Government
Functions of the Islamic State
Sovereignty of God
Caliphate or Vicegerency of Man
Appointment of Caliph
Shura or the Consultative Body and its Role
V. Institutional Development of the Muslim Civilization:The Early Phase (622 -660)
Development of Law and Judiciary in Early Islam
Administration and State Conduct
Defense in Early Islam
Educational System
Propagation of Islam
Financial Administration
Heritage and Culture
VI. The Umayyad in Power (660-749)
Political History of the Umayyad Dynasty
Statecraft and Administration under the Umayyads
Society and the Development of Arabic Literature.
Cultural achievements

Part –II (Marks 50)
I. The Abbasids of Baghdad (749-1258)
The Abbasid Revolution and the Establishment of the Abbasid Dynasty
Administrative Structure under the Abbasids
Development of Scientific Knowledge under the Abbasids
Muslim Philosophy under the Abbasids
Cultural achievements
II. Spain under the Muslim Rule
Spain under the rule of the Arabs and Moors (711-1492)
Political Fragmentation and the Fall of Granada (1492)
Muslim Contribution in the Realm of Culture, Arts and Architecture
III. The Crusades against Islam
Major Encounters and Actors (1092-1228)
Impact of the Crusades on Muslim-Christian Relations
IV. The Ottoman Empire
Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Turks (1299-1923)
State, Society and Economy under the Ottomans
Treatment with the Religious Minorities
Contribution towards Culture, Arts and Architecture
V. Sufism as an Institution of the Muslim Society
Origin and Development of Sufism
Contribution of the Sufis to the Muslim Civilization
Relationship of the Sufis with the State and Political Authorities.
A critical Look at Sufism
VI. Islam and Modernity in Contemporary World
The Emergence of Islamic Modernism
Intellectual, Political, Economic, Social and Educational Aspects of Islamic
Modernism
Dissemination of Muslim Learning in the West

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