PPSC Past Papers of Psychology

(i)  In psychology, case studies are used to:
(a) Draw conclusions about individual behavior on the basis of group finding
(b) Draw general conclusions about behavior of the client
(c) Assess heritability of individual
(d) Show importance of case study
(e) None of these
(ii)  Psychology is concerned with the study of:
(a) How groups exchange resources (b) Overt behavior only
(c) Mind and behavior (d) How aggregate behavior is specified
(e) None of these
(iii)  An independent variable is:
(a) The only variable of interest
(b) A variable that is independently verified
(c) A variable whose value depends on dependent variable
(d) The variable that is manipulated by experimenter
(e) None of these
(iv)  Introspection is:
(a) A scientific method used to study dreams
(b) A psychotherapeutic technique where the patient gives a running account of Internal dialogues
(c) A process used to uncover symbolic representations in dream
(d) The analysis of the contents of our own thoughts
(e) None of these
(v)  The law of effect states that:
(a) Close temporal contiguity is the key characteristic in forming an association between
stimulus and response
(b) A response will be strengthened if the organism is rewarded for that response
(c) Effect is strong if the effect is long lasting
(d) Response generalize across similar surroundings
(e) None of these
(vi)  Structuralism and functionalism are similar in that both:
(a) Emphasize the analysis of mental structures toexplain behavior
(b) Emphasize the fluid, personal nature of consciousness
(c) Regard psychology as the science of conscious experience
(d) Emphasize the observation of behavior rather than consciousness
(e) None of these
(vii)  The school of psychology that argues that nearly all behavior is a result of conditioning and that
the environment shapes behavior is labeled:
(a) Gestalt, Wertheimer (b) Psychoanalytic, Freud (c) Behaviorism, Tichener
(d) Behaviorism, Watson (e) None of these
NOTE:  (i)  First attempt PART-I (MCQ)on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back
after 30 minutes.
(ii)  Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.
(viii)  Chemicals which are produced in the brain and facilitate communication between nerve cells are called:
(a) Neurotransmitters (b) Plasmas (c) Syntactic structures
(d) Adrenocorticoids (e) None of these
(ix)  Psychologists, who typically apply psychological principles to diagnose and treat emotional
problems, including mental illness and marital and family conflict, are in the subfield called:
(a) Biological (b) Clinical and counseling (c) Social and personality
(d) School and educational (e) None of these
(x)  The first step in any researchproject is generating a:
(a) Theory (b) Experiment (c) Hypothesis
(d) Proposition (e) None of these
(xi)  The discipline that deals with sampling data from a population and then drawing inferences about
the population from the sample is:
(a) Hypothesis testing (b) Statistics (c) Multivariate experimentation
(d) Independent sampling (e) None of these
(xii)  When two variables are correlated, variation in one?
(a) May possibly causevariation in the other
(b) Can only be inferred with social validation
(c) Can be the cause of variation in the other only if the correlation is positive
(d) Always suggests a casualrelationship with the other
(e) None of these
(xiii)  In the early stages of research, the most efficient way of making progress toward explaining a
phenomenon is to:
(a) Videotape (b) Precisely measure (c) Survey
(d) Observe (e) None of these
(xiv)  A scholarly summary of a body of research on some topic is called:
(a) Case history (b) Literature review (c) Meta-analysis
(d) Theory (e) None of these
(xv)  The principle governing the ethical treatment of human participants in research essentially states
that the hazards anticipatedin the research project should be notgreater than those encountered in
daily activities:
(a) Informed consent (b) Right to privacy (c) Minimal risk
(d) Informed participants (e) None of these
(xvi)  S_R psychology is an approach associated with the perspective:
(a) Behavioral (b) Psychoanalytic (c) Cognitive
(d) Subjectivist (e) None of these
(xvii)  Psychologists who are interested in the perception of motion, part – whole relationships and in
how people judge size were identified with what school of psychology?
(a) Psychoanalytic (b) Gestalt (c) Behavioral
(d) Structural (e) None of these
(xviii) The center of Freud’s theory is the thoughts, attitudes, impulses, wished and motivations of which
we are unaware:
(a) Conditioning Concept (b) Unconsciousness (c) Biological motivation proposition
(d) Multivariate construct (e) None of these
(xix)  Relating overt behavior to electrical and chemical events taking place inside the body is
characteristic of which contemporary psychological perspective?
(a) Behavioral (b)  Subjectivist (c) Biological
(d) Cognitive (e) None of these
(xx)  The subjectivist perspective in psychology:
(a) Is most like cognitive one
(b) Is generally not influenced by cultural and emotional variables
(c) Has been most pervasive
(d) All of the above
(e) None of the above



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