SPSC Pakistan Studies Notes And MCQs

• Firdausi wrote “Shahnama” and was also a court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni.
• Auqaf: Muslims Holy religious places are termed as Auqaf.
• Bahagar Kabir: Founder of Bakhti Movement. He flourished in 15th century.
• Kashful Mahjub is renowned work on mysticism by Ali Hajveri (Data Sahib).
• Abul Fazl: A leading light of Akbar’s reign. He wrote “Akbarnama” which is the most authentic history of Akbar’s period.
• Mudrasa Rahimia was established by Shah Abd-ur-Rahim at Delhi.
• Jainism is a religious movement started by Mahavirs.
• The year when the Quaid-e-Azam decided that the Muslim League would join the Interim Government in India was 1946.
• The name of a person who has been the Governor General as well as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Khuwaja Nazim-ud-din.
• Tahmasap: The King of Persia who helped Hamayun to recapture his throne.
• Qutb-ud-Din Aibak was a great commander of Muhammad Ghouri who laid foundation of Slave Dynasty.
• Ghazi Malik: was the original name of Ghiyas-ud-Din Taghluq.
• Amir Khusrau: A great poet and singer. He was a disciple of Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Aulia. He flourished during the Sultanate Period.
• Dara Shikohwas son of Shah Jahan, he fought against Aurangzeb Alamgir. He was mystic and writer.
• Bairum Khan was tutor of Hamayun and Akbar. He was chiefly instrumental in the victory of Mughals over Hemu in 1556.
• Madrasa-e-Rahimia: A famous religious institution started by Shah Abdul Rahim (Father of Shah Waliullah).
• Noor Jahan was a beloved Queen of Jahangir. She was an accomplished lady and assisted her husband in the affairs of the state.
• The Objectives Resolution was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on 12 March 1949.
• Sikandar Mirza was the last Governor General of Pakistan.
• Zill-e-Elahi means: Shadow of Allah.
• Sabuktgin was the ruler of Ghazni. He ruled Ghazni from 977 to 997.
• Ibn-e-Batuta was a famous African traveler who stayed in the court of Muhammad bin Taghluq for several years. He traveled over the quarter part of the then world from China to India.
• Kanwaha is the historical place in North India where Babur defeated the Rajputs in 1527. At this historical place, Babur broke his wine vessels.
• Sarus Sadur: Guardian of Islamic Law and Spokesman of Ulema.
• Qutbat-ul-Islam Mosque was built by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak near Qutb Minar at Delhi.
• Francis Bernier was a European traveler who visited Indian during Shahjehan’s Period.
• H. Kh. Baqi Billah Bairang was renowned saint of Naqshbandia order and was the spiritual guide of Hazrat Majadded Alf Sani.
• Kitab-ul-Hind was written by Al-Bairuni. This is an authentic source about Indian culture and social life.
• The ‘Objectives Resolution’ was passed at Karachi by the Constituent Assembly in 1949.
• The “One Unit” bill was accepted by the Parliament on 19th October 1955 when M. Ali Bogra was Prime Minister of Pakistan.
• Pirthvi Raj was overthrown and killed in 1192 A.D. at Thanesar by Muhammad Ghouri.
• Qutb Minar of Delhi was designed as a tower of victory being the hallmark of the Empire of the Turks.
• The famous garden Ram Bagh at Agra was laid out by Sikandar Lodi.
• The Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlol.
• Dara Shikoh in his religious thought was influenced by Mullah Shaida.
• The famous manuscript “Shikasta” and “Nastaliq” were written by Aurangzeb.
• In India, the legal status of the provinces was for the first time recognized under the Govt: of India Act 1935.
• The proposal of Union of India embracing both British India and the states was put forward by the Cabinet Mission.
• The JUP was set up in1948.
• The Syed Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan.
• The Buland Darwaza is situated at Fatehpur Sikri.
• Jahangir was imprisoned by Mahabat Khan.
• Champaner is a General.
• Mukhdum Jehanian Jalal-ud-Din Jehangasht was a saint of Suhrwardiya Silsilah.
• Petticoat Government was headed by Maham Angah.
• I will tear it or burn it or throw it away but never accept it. Who stated this about the Government of India Act 1935?
Ans. M. K. Gandhi.
• The Rashmi Roomal Movement of 1905 was initiated by Muhammad Ali Jauhar.
• The Indian Independence Act was passed in the British Parliament on 18th July.
• Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya was a Sufi of Chishtia Order.
• Manachi was a European traveler who came to the court of Jahangir.
• One of the earliest coming Saints to India was Khawaja Qutb-ud-Din Bakhtiar Kaki.
• Home Rule League was founded in 1916.
• The Baghdad Pact was signed in 1955.
• The System of Basic Democracy was first introduced in 1959
• Hazrat Mehal’s real name was Umrao. She valiantly took part in 1857 War of Independence. She was the wife of Wajjid Ali Shah of Oadh.
• Syed Ameer Ali was an intellectual of high caliber. He worked as a lawyer, a Judge of Calcutta High Court, founded Central National Mohammedan Association and remained President of the Hughlie Imambara. He worked hard for Muslim League and Khilafat Movement. He settled down in London and died there.
• Manzoor Qadir was son of Sheikh Abdul Qadir. He was a seasoned advocate. He represented Pakistan at the International Law Association in Yugoslavia. He worked as Foreign Minister of Pakistan and Chief Justice of West Pakistan High Court.
• Lala Lajpat Rai was a great Arya Samajist. He took a most prominent part in the Congress affairs and along with Tilak and Bebin Pal took a prominent part in changing the Congress method from one of petition to that of application of direct sanction. He incurred displeasure of the British Government and was deported to Burma in 1907. He took part in non-cooperation movement and boycott movement.
• Divide & Quit written by Penderel Moon.
• Foreign Policy of Pakistan: A Historical Analysis is written by S. M. Burk.
• Name the person who negotiated the Canal Water Dispute between India and Pakistan: Ayyub Khan.
• Sindh and Multan were conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim under the reign of the Islamic Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik.
• Hazrat Ali Hajveri (popularly known as Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh) belonged to Suharwardia Order.
• Fatawa-e-Jahandari was written by Zia-ud-Din Barani.
• Under the Mughals capital of the lower Sindh was Thatha.
• Kashmir was included into the Mughal Empire of Delhi in October 1586.
• In a battle near Peshawar, Jaipal was defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1001.
• The Battle of Plassey firmly established the British Rule in Bengal.
• When presidential form of constitution was imposed 1st March 1962.
• The Qutb-ul-Islam mosque was built by Ghiyas-ud-Din Balban.
• Who contributed largely to the spread of Islam in Bengal Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardi.
• Syed Ahmad Shaheed fell martyr in 1831 at Balakot (NWFP).
• The Scientific Society was founded in 1864 at Ghazipur.
• In 1946 Elections, the All India Muslim League got 100 percent seats in the Central Assembly and over 88.8 percent seats in the Provincial Assemblies.
• The Second Summit Conference of the OIC was held in 1974 at Lahore.
• The “Asrar-us-Sanadeed” was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
• The Central Muhammadan Association was founded by Syed Amir Ali.
• The Muhammadan Literary Society of Calcutta was founded by Syed Amir Ali.
• Mr. Jinnah returned from England in year October 1935 to reorganize the AIML.
• The Indus Water Basin Treaty was signed in the year 19th September 1960.
• The Alai Darwaza is situated at Delhi.
• Baba Farid Ganj Shakar was a saint of Chishtia Silsila.
• Arhai Din Ka Jhonpara was a mosque.
• Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam was established in the year1884.
• Islamabad was made capital of Pakistan in the year 1959.
• Muhammad bin Qasim was called back by Walid bin Abdul Malik.
• Pirthvi Raj was defeated by Muhammad Ghouri in 1192 A.D. at the battle of Tarain.
• Khilji Dynasty was founded by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khilji.
• The R.C.D. was brought about in 1964 among Pakistan, Iran, Turkey.
• The first and second Presidents of the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan were M. A. Jinnah and Ch. Muhammad Ali respectively..
• PARODA and EDBO were promulgated in 1949 and in 1958 respectively.
• The All Indian Muhammadan Educational Conference was founded in 1886.
• Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq was started in 1867.
• The Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858.
• The author of “Mission with Mountbattan”: Compbell Johnson.
• The Federal Shariat Court was established in 25th June 1980.
• Khusrau Malik was the Governor of Lahore.
• Sindh was conquered by Muhammad Ghauri in 1182.
• Hamayun was born at Kabul.
• Peacock throne was erected by Shahjehan.
• Pirpur Committee was formed in 1937 and was headed by Raja Muhammad Mehdi of Pirpur.
• Bahadur Shah II was the Supreme Commander of the rebellious armies in the War of Independence, 1857.
• Hyderabad Deccan surrendered to India on 17 September 1948.
• Peshawar was captured by Syed Ahmad Shaheed in 1830.
• Government of Indian Act, 1935 came into operation in 1937.
• Muhammad bin Qasim captured the city Daibul in 712 A.D.
• The Temple of Somnath was situated near the peninsula of Gujrat.
• Arabic coinage was first introduced in Indian by Jalal-ud-Din Firuz.
• Khilji Dynasty was established by Ala-ud-Din Khilji.
• Babur the founder of Muhgal Dynasty, died in 1530 A.D at Delhi.
• The biggest Mosque built by Shahjehan in located at Delhi.
• Red Fort of Delhi was built by Shahjehan.

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