Total Marks – 100

1. Public administration: Its nature and scope, the role of public administration in a modern welfare
2. Major schools of thought in administration: Scientific Management Movement. Human relationists,
behavioral school, systemic theory
3. Bureaucracy: Concept of bureaucracy, theories of bureaucracy, ecology of bureaucracy,
bureaucracy of Pakistan as a change agent
4. Administrative leadership: Approaches to the study of leadership, forms of leadership, leadership
5. Administrative accountability: Internal and external controls, executive control, legislative control,
judicial control, Ombudsman, public opinion and pressure groups, problems of administrative
accountability in Pakistan
6. Planning: Types of plans, planning process, principles of planning, planning machinery, the
system of planning and programming in Pakistan. Planning machinery in Pakistan
7. Organization: Types of organization, theories of organization, principles of organization, the
organization of federal and provincial governments in Pakistan. Public corporations in Pakistan
8. Personnel administration: Nature and scope of personnel administration, personnel functions,
tools of personnel management, salient features of the system of Public Personnel Management
in Pakistan
9. Controlling and coordination: Forms of controls, control mechanism, the process of control,
principles of controlling, principles of coordination, machinery for coordination, problems of
coordination in public administration in Pakistan
10. Communication: Types of communication, communication channels, communication process,
principles of communication
11. Financial administration: Elements of financial administration, performance and programmed
budgeting, capital budget. Principles of budgeting, auditing and accounting


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