Write only “True” or “False” in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) In a large corporation, the firm’s owners are usually its top managers.
(2) The basic information needed to construct a flow of funds statement is found on the income statement.
(3) The operating break-even point is the point at which operating profits equal revenues minus operating costs.
(4) A sinking fund is a poorly performing mutual fund whose net asset value is declining.
(5) Penetration Pricing is used when a marketer introduces a new product at a relatively high price.
(6) The most common channel for consumer products is manufacturer-retailer-consumer.
(7) In the classification of consumer products, convenience products are usually more expensive than shopping products.
(8) During the maturity stage of the PLC, sales increase at faster rate than during any other stage.
(9) A wide span of management results in few organizational levels, and a narrow span results in many levels.
(10) The LINE relationship involves making decisions and acting on them.
(11) Data is defined as “formal system of gathering, integrating, comparing, analyzing, and dispersing information internal and external to the enterprise in a timely, effective and efficient manner”.
(12) A manager who believes that people inherently dislike work probably accepts McGregor’s Theory X.

(B) Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(13) If a manufacturer gives a 30 percent discount to retailers and a 10 percent discount to wholesalers, which type of discount is being given?
(a) Quantity
(b) Cash
(c) Functional
(d) Seasonal

(14) Publicity differs from advertising in as much as:
(a) It is directed at large numbers of consumers.
(b) Its message is of a non personal nature.
(c) It is carried by the mass media.
(d) It is a non paid Form of reaching the public.

(15) In which stage of the PLC are promotion expenses per product item usually highest?
(a) Introduction
(b) Growth
(c) Maturity
(d) Decline

(16) Which of the following is not a disadvantage of using a Committee?
(a) High cost in time and money
(b) Splitting responsibility
(c) Group deliberation and judgment
(d) Compromise decisions

(17) Identify the Organization established by our Federal government to regulate security markets:
(a) SBP
(b) SEC
(c) NAB
(d) NFC

(18) If the credit terms are 2/10, net 30 and the amount of invoice is Rs. 4000, how much is the discount if the invoice is paid in 20 days?
(a) Zero
(b) Rs. 30
(c) Rs. 60
(d) Rs. 120

(19) Which of the following is not part of the promotion-mix?
(a) Public relations
(b) Product planning
(c) Personal selling
(d) Advertising

(20) Selling activities include:
(a) Sales presentations
(b) Demonstrations
(c) Handling objections
(d) Closing the sale
(e) None of these


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