- Admiral in U.S. Navy: David Glasgow Farragut, 1866.
- Airmail route, first transcontinental: Between New York City and San Francisco, 1920.
- Assembly, representative: House of Burgesses, founded in Virginia, 1619.
- Bank established: Bank of North America, Philadelphi, 1781.
- Birth in America to English parents: Virginia Dare born Roanoke Island, N.C., 1587.
- Black newspaper: Freedom's Journal, 1827, edited by John B. Russworm.
- Black U.S. diplomat: Ebenezer D. Bassett, 1869, minister-resident to Haiti.
- Black elected governor of a state: L. Douglas Wilder, Virginia, 1990.
- Black elected to U.S. Senate: Hiram Revels, 1870, Mississippi.
- Black elected to U.S. House of Representatives: Jefferson Long, Georgia, 1870.
- Black associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court: Thurgood Marshall Oct. 2, 1967.
- Black secretary of state: Gen. Colin Powell, appointed Dec. 2000.
- Black U.S. cabinet minister: Robert C. Weaver 1966, Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
- Book by an African-American is published: Phillis Wheatley, 1773
- Botanic garden: Established by John Bartram in Philadelphia, 1728, and is still in existence in its original location.
- Cartoon, colored: “The Yellow Kid,” by Richard Outcault, in New York World, 1895.
- College: Harvard, founded 1636.
- College to confer degrees on women: Oberlin College (Ohio), 1841.
- College to establish coeducation: Oberlin College (Ohio), 1833.
- Electrocution of a criminal: William Kemmler in Auburn Prison, Auburn, N.Y., Aug. 6, 1890.
- Five and Dime store: Founded by Frank Woolworth, Utica, N.Y., 1879 (moved to Lancaster, Pa., same year).
- Fraternity, Greek-letter: Phi Beta Kappa; founded Dec. 5, 1776, at College of William and Mary.
- Gay and lesbian civil rights advocacy organization, national: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, founded in New York City, 1973.
- Lesbian, acknowledged, elected to high local office: Kathy Kozachenko, 1974, Ann Arbor City Council.
- Gay man, acknowledged, elected to high local office: Harvey Milk, 1977, San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
- Indian-American governor: Bobby Jindal, 2007.
- Law to be declared unconstitutional by U.S. Supreme Court: Judiciary Act of 1789. Case: Marbury v. Madison, 1803.
- Library, circulating: Philadelphia, 1731.
- Newspaper, illustrated daily: New York Daily Graphic, 1873.
- Newspaper published daily: Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser, Philadelphia, Sept. 1784.
- Newspaper published over a continuous period: The Boston News-Letter, April 1704.
- Oil well, commercial: Titusville, Pa., 1859.
- Panel quiz show on radio: Information Please, May 17, 1938.
- Postage stamps issued: 1847.
- Public school: Boston Latin School, Boston, 1635.
- Radio station licensed: KDKA, Pittsburgh, Pa., Oct. 27, 1920.
- Railroad, transcontinental: Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, joined at Promontory, Utah, May 10, 1869.
- Savings bank: The Provident Institute for Savings, Boston, 1816.
- Science museum: Founded by Charleston (S.C.) Library Society, 1773.
- Skyscraper: Home Insurance Co., Chicago, 1885 (10 floors, 2 added later).
- Slaves brought into America: At Jamestown, Va., 1619, from a Dutch ship.
- Sorority: Alpha Delta Pi, at Wesleyan Female College, 1851.
- Space tourist: Dennis Tito, 2001
- State legalizes same-sex marriage: Massachusetts, 2004.
- State to abolish capital punishment: Michigan, 1847.
- State to enter Union after original 13: Vermont, 1791.
- Steam-heated building: Eastern Hotel, Boston, 1845.
- Steam railroad (carried passengers and freight): Baltimore & Ohio, 1830.
- Strike on record by union: Journeymen Printers, New York City, 1776.
- Subway: Opened in Boston, 1897.
- “Tabloid” picture newspaper: The Illustrated Daily News (now the Daily News), New York City, 1919.
- Vaudeville theater: Gaiety Museum, Boston, 1883.
- Woman astronaut appointed commander of the International Space Station: Dr. Peggy Whitson, 2008
- Woman astronaut appointed shuttle commander: Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, Columbia, launched July 1999.
- Woman astronaut to ride in space: Dr. Sally K. Ride, 1983.
- Woman astronaut to walk in space: Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan, 1984.
- Woman cabinet member: Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, 1933.
- Woman candidate for president: Victoria Claflin Woodhull, nominated by National Woman's Suffrage Assn. on ticket of Nation Radical Reformers, 1872.
- Woman candidate for vice president: Geraldine A. Ferraro, nominated on a major party ticket, Democratic Party, 1984.
- Woman doctor of medicine: Elizabeth Blackwell; M.D. from Geneva Medical College of Western New York, 1849.
- Woman elected governor of a state: Nellie Tayloe Ross, Wyoming, 1925.
- Woman elected to U.S. Senate: Hattie Caraway, Arkansas; elected Nov. 1932.
- Woman graduate of law school: Ada H. Kepley, Union College of Law, Chicago, 1870.
- Woman member of U.S. House of Representatives: Jeannette Rankin (Mont.); elected Nov. 1916.
- Woman member of U.S. Senate: Rebecca Latimer Felton (Ga.); appointed Oct. 3, 1922.
- Woman member of U.S. Supreme Court: Sandra Day O'Connor; appointed July 1981.
- Woman secretary of state: Madeleine Albright, appointed Dec. 1996.
- Woman suffrage granted: Wyoming Territory, 1869.
- Written constitution: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639
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