Friday, July 29, 2011
















































Paper were MCQS type consisting 100 questions. Some papers are given following some questions are miss bcz these are recalled questions by candidates.

Friday, July 22, 2011

History of Urdu poetry

History of Urdu poetry

Urdu language and literature, beyond their spatial confines, have been more heard of than read. With the publication of some notable translations, some of them in the recent past, a new literary culture seems to be emerging from the canons of the old. Modern Urdu poetry, of which this is the first comprehensive selection, has its own tradition of the new. It has developed through stages of a variegated literary history. This history has absorbed both the native and non- native elements of writing in Arabic and Persian, and the Urdu language has survived through several crises and controversies. Some of these are related to its growth and development, its use by the British to divide the Hindus and the Muslims. it estrangement in the land of its birth following the Partition of India and its interaction with Hindi once akin but now an alien counterpart. Even with the extinction of those generations of Sikhs in Punjab, Muslims in Bengal and Hindus elsewhere, who nurtured the language with love and for whom it was the mark of a cultivated man, the language has survived and developed. It is now the cultural legacy of India and the adopted national identity of Pakistan, and significant new literature has emerged in both countries.

Literary centre : Deccan, Delhi and Lucknow
Literature in Urdu grew at three different centres: Deccan, Delhi and Lucknow. As it happened, the Deccan emerged as the earliest centre, even though the language had first developed in northern India, as a result of an interesting linguistic interaction between the natives and the Muslim conquerors from Central Asia, who settled there in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, The period stretching roughly from the middle of the fourteenth centuries to the middle of the eighteenth produce a number of poets. They are claimed both by Urdu and Hindi literary historians, but Quli Qutub Shah (1565-1611) is generally acknowledged as the first notable poet, like Chaucer is English, with a volume of significant poetry in a language later named Urdu. He was followed by several others, among whom Wali Deccani (1635-1707) and Siraj Aurangabadi ( 1715-1763) deserves special mention. Delhi emerged as another significant centre with Mirza Mohammad Rafi Sauda (1713-80), Khwaja Mir Dard (1721-85), Mir Taqi Mir (1722-1810), Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib (1797-1869) and Nawab Mirza Khan Dagh (1831-1905). It reached its height of excellence during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Lucknow made its way as the third important centre with Ghulam Hamdani Mushafi (1725-1824), Inshallah Khan Insha (1757-1817), Khwaja Haidar Ali Atish (1778-1846), Iman Baksh Nasikh (1787-1838), Mir Babr Ali Anis (1802-74) and Mirza Salamat Ali Dabir (1803-1875). These literary capitals, where the classical tradition developed, had their individual stylistic and thematic identities, but broadly it may be said that the ghazal (love lyric) reached its zenith with Mir and Ghalib, qasida (panegyric) with Sauda, mathnawi (romance) with Mir Hasan and marthiya (elegy) with Anis and Dabir.

Hali and Iqbal : new poetry in Urdu
In the period that followed, and before the launching of the Progressive Writers Movement in the 30s, mention should be made of Altaf Husain Hali (1837-1914) and Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938). Hali was a poet of the newer socio-cultural concerns and advocated 'natural poetry' that had an ameliorative purpose. His Musaddas is an important example of this. He was also a theorist who opened new frontiers in Urdu criticism with his Moqaddama-e-Sher-o-Shairi (Preface to Poetry) which equals Wordsworth's Preface to Lyrical Ballads in importance, and even surpasses it in certain respects. He realized that with the impact of the West a new perspective was required. He, along with Mohammad Husain Azad (1830-1910), laid the foundations of a new poetry in 1867 under the auspices of Anjuman-e-Punjab, Lahore. Azad had asserted in the same year that Urdu poets should come out of the grooves of responses conditioned by Persian culture and root their works in the ethos of the land. Seeing no response to his pleas, he reiterated the same point seven years later on May 8, 1874 during his address on the occasion of the first mushaira of the Anjuman. These appeals failed to make and impact as sensibilities rooted in particular tradition are not easily altered even by impassioned pleas. Hali, creating a new taste for his age. Iqbal, with his remarkable religio-philosphical vision, and Josh Malihabadi (1838-1982), with his nationalistic and political fervour, produced exceptionally eloquent kinds of poetry that continue to reverberate over the years. Iqbal remained the most influential poet to achieve artistic excellence while putting forward a philosophical point of view, and his poetry, quite often, acquired the status of the accepted truth. A host of others Urdu poets and translators of English poetry who appeared on the literary scene during the first quarter of this century experimented with non-traditional poetic forms but they ultimately echoed sentiments and adopted forms that were more or less tradition-bound. They also looked towards the West, the traditional source of literary influence, but that was a world apart and too far to seek, They could reach only the Romantics who had already become outmoded in an age identified with Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot. A characteristically modern poem in form and value, tone and tenor, remained at best an intriguing possibility.
Progressive Writers Movement
The 1930s emerged as the archway for entry into a new world and achieve the unachieved. Some young Indians-- Sajjad Zaheer, Mulk Raj Anand, and Mohammad Deen Taseer-- who wee then studying in London, musing on the role of literature in a fast-changing world, came up with a manifesto for what came to be known as the Progressive Writers Movement. Even before this, Sajjad Zaheer, during his stay in India had published Angare (Embers), an anthology of short stories, with explicit sexual references and an attack on the decadent moral order. The book had to be banned, like Lady Chatterley's Lover, but the stories had an impact, as they were thematically interesting and technically innovative. The reader had suddenly become exposed to the worlds of Freud, Lawrence, Joyce and Woolf. There was a world of new values waiting to be explored by an emotionally charged and intellectually agile reader. the Progressive Writers Movement was launched at the right time. This was the precise hour to shed the age-old traditions, take leave to the clichés, proposed new theories, and explore a new world order.
Akhter Husain Raipuri, in his well-timed Adab aur Inqilab (Literature and Revolution) published in 1934, discarded the classical Urdu poets, including Mir and Ghalib, as degenerate representative of a feudalistic culture. This rejection was, however, based on extra-critical considerations as he was more intent on popularizing Marxist thought in literature. Premchand's famous presidential address to the conference of Progressive Writers Association in Lucknow two years later in 1936, came as a more precise call to relate literature to social reality. ' We will have to change the standards of beauty, ' he had said, and beauty of him was that which Eliot identified as ' boredom and horror' in his own context. The movement focussed on poverty, social backwardness, decadent morality, political exploitation; it dreamt of an ideal society and a just political system.
Every rebel was, therefore, a progressive writer and vice-versa during those exhilarating days. He was basically wedded to the idea of political and social revolution. He drew his inspiration from Marx. He rejected the striving for individual signatures, new modes of expression and new experiments in form. It was important for the poet to denote rather than connote, and to appeal to the larger humanity rather than to the individual. Falling victim of these errors before long, the movement alienated some noted poets, the most important of them being N. M. Rashed (1910-75) and Miraji (1912-49), who came together to lead a group called Halqa-e-Arbab-e-Zauq (Circle of Connoisseurs) in 1939. The progressive writers insistence on ideology and the impatience of those who cared more for art are reminiscent of the British poets of the 1930s and the later stance of W. H. Auden.
Faiz Ahmad Faiz (1911-84) is the most prominent and the finest of the poets who subscribed to the progressive ideology. he was singularly successful in striking a balance between art an ideas. He was drew upon sources other than Urdu and Persian and imparted an individual tone to his poetry. he did not raise slogans; he only uttered soft notes of expostulation. he was inspired more by the spirit of liberation than by slogans raised elsewhere. Prominent among other progressive poets were Asrarul Haq Majaz (1908-56), Makhdoom Mohiuddin (1908-69), Ali Sardar jafri (b.1913), Jan Nisar Akhter (1914-76), Kaifi Azmi (b.1918) and Sahir Ludhianawi (1921-80). They are mentioned here not only for the individual qualities of their poetry by also for their importance in this movement at a particular juncture in literary history. Despite the deep political complexion of the Progressive Writers Movement, it prominence was a short-lived affair. The next generation of poets expressed certain misgivings about their emphasis on class struggle in a materialistic and scientific world. The new poet wished to shake off all external shackles and apprehend his own experience for himself.

The modernism
N. M. Rashed and Miraji are the two most remarkable poets in this group.They along with Faiz, represent in the Urdu language what Eliot and the Symbolists do in English and French. They appeared later but also showed a unique resilience and vitality. Faiz was a poet with a message, one woven artistically into a pattern of symbols and delivered in a mellifluous tones. Rashed treated the Urdu language in a fresh way and created complex symbiotic fusion. Faiz appeals alike to the philanthropist and the philanderer, the pious and profane, the music makers and dreamers of dreams, but Rashed appeals only to a select readership. Faiz emerged as a myth in his own lifetime while Rashed and Miraji are yet to be fully appreciated. Rashed's resources are immense. The merging to the eastern and western influences accounts for the richness of his verse enhanced by linguistic innovation and poetic skill. Miraji, who reminds one of Tristan Corbiere in his bohemianism, drew upon Oriental, American and French sources, meditated upon time, death, the mystery if human desires, the raptures of sex and wrote in a variety of verse forms -- regular, free, and prose-like. He opted for esoteric symbolism, resorted to the stream-of-consciousness method and emerged as a unique modernist movement in Urdu poetry.
It was on this tradition that individual poets later developed their own version of modernism. Majeed Amjad (1914-74), Akhtarul Iman (b.1915) and Mukhtar Siddiqi (1917-72) deserves special mention here. A poem for them was a delicate work of art that succeeded or failed for its artistic worth. Akhtarul Iman wrote ironic, nostalgic and dramatic poems, while Majeed Amjad wrote in an inimitable introspective mood and ideas. They served as models for the younger poets to follow. The impact of Rashed, Miraji and Faiz was immense and far-reaching. Their successors echoed them, learnt from them and so came to acquire their own voices in course of time.
The generations of poets since the 1950s faced new predicaments. The Partition of India was an experience they had suffered, while the world around was also terribly alive and eventful. Groups of poets followed on after another; Wazir Agha (b.1922), Muneer Niyazi (b.1927), Ameeq Hanfi (1922-88), Balraj Komal (b.1928), Qazi Saleem (b.1930) grappled with the world around in an idiom and form that were decidedly new and had nothing to do with Progressive aesthetics. All of them acquired their own individual identities and made their mark in the development of modern poetry. They looked back at their won masters-- Mir and Ghalib-- and fared forward to Eliot and Empson. Modern literary and philosophical movements no longer remained alien. Realism, symbolism, existentialism, and surrealism, were drawn closer home. Kumar Pashi (1935-92), Zubair Rizvi (b.1935), Shahrayar (b.1936), Nida Fazli (b.1938) and Adil Mansoori (b.1941), on the one hand, and Gilani Kamran (b.1926), Abbas Ather (b.1934), Zahid Dar (b.1936), Saqi Farooqi (b.1936), Iftekhar Jalib (b.1936), Ahmed Hamesh (b.1937), Kishwar Naheed (b.1940) and Fehmida Reyaz (b.1946), on the other, experimented in form and technique, bringing in new diction and finding a place for new experiences. The new poem had come into being; modernism had firmly established itself by the mid-1970s.
Shaabkhoon, a literary journal, projected this movement in a big way and identified the poets of the new order. Ever since its inception in 1966, it has done a singular job -- especially during the vital 60s and 70s -- of creating a taste for modernism. Shamsur Rehman Farooqi, the most perceptive of the modern Urdu critics, played a vital role in helping recognize the contours of modernism with his critical studies. his studies appraising modern poets, as well as classical poets who bear upon the modern tradition, developed sound critical theories and helped in creating an atmosphere for the acceptance and appreciation of modernism.
Poetry in Pakistan
It may not seem quite right to speak of Urdu poetry in terms of Indian and Pakistani poetry, but it would be reasonable to say that the new urdu poetry in Pakistan is remarkable for its variety and vitality. Emerging from the common sources and traditions of history and culture, poetry in Pakistan has achieved its own frames of reference, its own tones of voice, its own notes of protest, largely because of the socio-political compulsions. Its poetics is characterized by a healthy adherence to tradition and somewhat virile improvisation of the traditional modes of expression.
The new poet in Pakistan has created his own blend of the lyrical with the prosaic, the manifest with the allegorical. he expressed his own predicament and that of the world around him which arouse both hope and fear, dreams and despair. Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Majeed Amjad and Muneer Niyazi, with their vitality and strength, have led us to the still more varied and vibrant Sermad Sehbai, Asghar Nadeem Syed, Afzal Ahmad Syed, Zeeshan Sahil and the vital feminine voices of Kishwar Nahed, Fehmida Reyaz, Nasreen Anjum Bhatti, Sara Shagufta, Shaista Habib and Azra Abbas. All these and many more form part of a formidable poetic scene. They are rich in their experience and execution and may well be placed among the prominent Third World voices that are being heard today with great curiosity and interest.
Modernism is an international phenomenon and modern Urdu poetry is a part of it. It has made its mark with its recognizably individual poetics. The Urdu poet is now free to make his choice; he has drawn upon sources both indigenous and foreign, literary and extra-literary, including philosophy, sociology and mythology. The issues regarding the form of the poem, the language, experiential capital and aesthetic dimensions have been resolved. the modern reader has finally identified his poem.

Famous Urdu Books

Famous Urdu Books

1:-seerat-un-nabi(pbuh) by sibli nomani/salman nadvi
2:-Rahmatalil alameen(pbuh) by qaazi muhammad sulaiman mansoor puri
3:-Pegamber-e-insaniat(pbuh) by jafar shah phulwari
4:-Mohsin-e-insaniat(pbuh) by naeem sidiqi
5:-seerat-e-sarwar-e-alam(pbuh) by abu alla madoodi
6:-insan-e-kamil(pbuh) by doc.khalid alvi
7:-beghambare sehra(pbuh) by k.l.ghabba
8:-Rasool-e-arabi(pbuh) by rasool baksh tawakali
9:-Mehboob-e-khuda by ch.afzal haq
10:-hayat-e-muhammad by muhammad hussain haikal
11:_kutbat-e-madars by syed salman nadvi
12:-khutbat-e-bhawalpur by doc. Hameed ul allh
13:- hayat-e-taiba by muhammad abdul hai

1:-bagh-o-bahar by meer aman dehlvi
2:-fasan-i-ajaib by rajab ali baig sarwar
3:- tota kahani by syed haider baksh haidari

1:-fasani azad by ratan nath sarshar
2:-tobat-un-nasookh by molvi nazir ahmad dehlvi
3:-firdos-i-barin by abdul haleem sharar
4:-umrao jan ada by mirza muhammad hadi ruswa
5:-bazra-i-husn by prem chand
6:-maidan-i-amal by prem chand
7:-london ki aik raat by sajad zaheer
8:-maidan-i-amal by molana rashid al khairi
9:-theri kheer by asmat cugtai
10:- shikast by krishan chandar.


21-Meer ki aik Masnavi ka unwaan____hai
khawb o khayal

22-Baal e jibreel k ibtadaai safhay per sirf aik shaer hai,jisay Allama Iqbal ne "Bhartar hari se Mansoob kia hai,ye shayir kis daur ka hai?
uneesveen sadi

23-Khakim ba'dehan mein khaakon ki tadaad?

24-Shab e rafta mein nazmen aur ghazlen___unwaanat k tehat likhi gayi hain.

25-Meer taqi Meer ki shaayiri k kitnay deewan hain?

26-Hafeez k shahnama ki kitni jildain hain?

27-Musaddas mein Haali ne musalmano k____ka ziker kia hai

28-Sar e waadi e seena Faiz ka kon sa majmooa hai?

29-"Ham urdu mizaah k ahd e yousafi mein jee rahay hain" kis ka qaul hai?
Dr.Zaheer fateh poori

30-Sar e waadi e seena mein faiz ki shayiri 1965 se____tak hai.

31-Ahmad Naseem Qasmi k afsanay____pas manzer ki akkasi kertay hain

32-Manzil e shab ka talluq kis sinf se hai?

33-Faiz ki shayiri____shaiyiri hai

34-chand ham aser mash'hoor adeebon k____hain

35-_____k kalam mein tasavuff,falsafa aur science bhi hai

36-______shaa'ir,afsana nigaar aur naqqad
Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi

37-_____Bang e dara ki nazm hai
taloo e Islam

38-Mushtaq Ahmad yousafi ki tanz o mizaah ki____kutab hain

39-Deewan e Ghalib ki pehli ghazal ka matla'a?

Naqsh Faryaadi hai kis ki shokhi e tehreer ka,
kaaghzi hai pairhan her paikar e tasveer ka.


1)Mirza Qutub ud din Aibak nazm_____ ka juzv hai.
Shahnama Islam

2)"Baray aalu ka kuch bayan ho jaye"_____ka mazahya mazmoon hai.
Mushtaq Ahmad Yousafi

3)"Manzil e shab"_____ka majmooa'e kalam hai.
Mukhtar sadiiqui

4)Khalida Adeeb khanam_____ki Umda tehreer hai.
Ch.Afzal haq

5)Nazm "Manto" kis shairi majmooa mein hai?
Shab e rafta

6)"Haasil na kijye daher se ibrat he kyon na ho"____ka misraa hai
Mirza Ghalib

7)Theudor Morison ka ziker____k khakay mein hai.
Sir Syed Ahmad khan

8)Heart Attack______ki nazm hai.
Faiz Ahmad faiz

9)Naeem_____ka kirdaar hai.
Udaas naslen

10)_____Aagra mein paida hue aur Delhi mein Mughal darbar se wabasta rahay..
Mirza Ghalib

11)"Aik Khadim e Khalq ki kahani"_____ki tehreer kerda hai.
Ch.Afzal haq

12)Intekhab e kalam e Meer pehli baar kab shaya hua?

13)____1911 mein Sialkot mein paida hue aur lahore mein wafat payi.
Faiz Ahmad Faiz

14"Mein he tou ik raaz tha seena e kaainat mein"_____ka misraa hai.

15)"be'khudi le gayi kahan ham ko
daer se intezaar hai apna"______ka sher hai
Meer taqi Meer

16)Prof Sohail____ka kirdaar hai.
Raja Gidh

17)Khawaja Altaf Hussain Haali_____k mushayiron mein shareek hue,
Anjuman e Panjab

18)Shibli Naumani ki "Seerat un Nabi" ko ____ne mukammal kia
Syed Suleman Nadvi

19)Mah o saal e aashnayi_____ka safarnaama hai.
Faiz Ahmad faiz
20-aamon ki tareef mein masnavi kis ne likhi?

Thursday, July 21, 2011

Interview Tips for PPSC interviews


Do research on your subject before the interview.
Practice interviewing by asking question from yourself. It might be better if you take help from one of your friend.
Best English skills is the key to success.
Go alone for practice.
Be prepared to meet other candidates.
Remember your education, training and experience—what you have done.
Remember all the skills, abilities and talents you possess that will make you an excellent employee.
Study General books, news paper etc.
Assemble all necessary papers/documents.
Keep in mind all your past experience of interviews, and try to avoid all the mistakes you did before.

2.Some questions

How will you introduce yourself?
Have you researched for the post for which you are going to be interviewed?
Why you consider yourself most suited person for the post?.
Why do you feel you can do the job?
What makes you qualified for the job?
Do you know about job responsibilities?

3.Your dressing and appearance

All clothes should be neatly pressed. Try to wear new clothes.
Clean, polished shoe.
Clean and well-groomed hairstyle.
Clean, trimmed fingernails.
Empty pockets – no noisy coins.
No gum, candy or cigarettes.
On interview morning, give extra 30 minutes to your appearance.

4. Introduce yourself

This is the most important point in interview, failing which can out you from the list. So give much time to know about yourself. You must prepare these points.

4.1 Personal and Education
This part is used to give the interviewer relevant information concerning you personally and about your educational background. This does not include personal information such as marital status, children, etc. The education should be either the latest obtained and/or major field if relevant to job objective.
4.2 Past /Present Experiences
This part is used to share with the interviewer past and present work experiences relevant to the job objective.
4.3 Life / Career Objectives
This part is about your life / Career objectives. These objectives should relevant to the job.
4.4 Why you are here ?
You have the knowledge and work experience relevant to the job, that’s why you are here.

5. Appearing before the interviewer / during interview

Introduce yourself with friendly speeches.
Show interest in what the interviewer is saying, by nodding your head and leaning toward him/her occasionally.
Give positive answers to negative-based questions.
Make frequent eye contact.
Keep a smile on your face during the interview.
Answer politely, and try to relax.
Admit when you don’t know.
Provide accurate information.
Keep friendly environment with the interviewers.
Listen carefully to the questions asked. Ask the interviewer to restate a question if you are confused.
Answer the questions in the language in which you are asked.
Don’t try to be over confidant.
Make positive statements.

6. Things to avoid

Poor personal appearance.
Lack of interest.
Poor knowledge about your future and past experience.
Poor eye contact with interviewer.
Irrelevant answers to question.
Inability to express self clearly; poor voice, poor diction, poor grammar.
Lack of planning for career, no purpose or goals.
Lack of confidence and poise, nervous, ill at ease.
Making excuses.
Lack of maturity.
Errors in Application Form

7. Closing
Thanks the interviewers for their time.
Say ‘Salam or Khuda Hafiz’ at leaving the chair

Note-One should aware of his department for which he is applying
see your department information-Departments

Wednesday, July 20, 2011





01. First paper to use the title "Quaid-e-Azam" was:
A) Dawn weekly (B) Dawn daily (C) Al Aman (D) Comrade (E) Pioneer

02. Swadeshi movement was launched to reverse the:
(A) Partition of India (B) Partition of Bengal (C) Separation of Sindh from Bombay (D) Annexation of Kashmir (E) Annexation of Goa.

03 Circadian Rhythm refers to:
(A) Planetary movements (B) Formation of galaxies (C) Human body cycles (D) Calisthenics

4 The Holy Prophet (PBUH) performed Haj in:
(A) 8th Hijri (B) 10th Hijri (C) 7thHijri (D) 11th Hijr

5 Which Holy book belonged to Hazrat Moosa (A.S):
(A) Taurat (B) Zaboor (C) Anjeel (D) Holy Bible (E) Old Testament.

06 First convert to Islam was a:
(A) Lady (B) Boy (C) Slave (D) Companion

07 How long was the Holy Prophet (PBUH) visiting Ghar-e-Hira before the first "Wahi"
(A) 05 years (B) 05 months (C) 15 months (D) 02 years (E) First time

08 When was the first Nimaz Eid-ul-Filr read?
(A) lstRamzan (2Hijn) (B) 08th Muharram(03 Hijri) (C) 1st Shawal (2 Hijri) (D) 8th Rabi-ul-Awai (4th Hijri)

09 One Kilobyte is:
(A) 1000 bytes (B) 1024 bytes (C) 10,000 bytes (D) 10 megabytes -

10 CNC refers to:
(A) Anti-Nuclear movement (B) Computer controlled machines
(C) Nuclear reactors (D) Naval computers

11 Kim ball Tags arc small punched cards attached to:
(A) Garments (B) Identity cards (C) Groceries (D) Cell phones (E) Lap - lop computer

12 "Fuzzy logic" is a part of:
(A) Aristotle's philosophy (ft) Computer science (C) Epicurianism (D) Sophism

13 Which is an endangered species?
(A) Indus blind dolphin (B) Markhor (C) Dromedory (D) Water buffalo (E) Jelly fish

14 Periodontics deals with:
(A) Surgery of spine (B) Dentistry (C) Ligaments restoration. (D) Stomach disorders, (E) Heart attacks

15 The National tree of Pakistan is: (A) Keeker (B) Deodar (C) Peepal (D) Eucalyptus (E) Mango.

16 Rowlatt act passed in 1 919 led to the:
(A) Julianwala Bagh tragedy (B) Meerut conspiracy (C) Indian mutiny (D) Hindu -Muslim riots (E) Congress-Muslim League split

17 In 1953 the constituent assembly had. (a) 79 members (B) 85 members (C) 320 members (D) 150 members

18 Antiquities act of 1975 deals with:
(A) Destruction and defacing of antiques (B) Preservation of artifacts
(C) Sale of antiques (D) History of antiquities (E)Archaeological diggings

19 Bupsi Sidhwa is famous:
(A) Writer (B) Historian (C) Activist for women's rights (D) Sociologist

20 Moulana Ubaidullah Sindhi spoused and preached:
(A) Unitarian philosophy (B) Hindu -Muslim unity (C) Unification of Bengal (D) Separation of Church and stale.

21 The term "Googly" is associated with:
(A) Hockey (B) Football (C) Cricket (D) Tennis (E) Tax laws

22 Which of the following is not true about Ameer Khushro?
(A) Poet (B) Courtier (C) Historian (D) Musician (E) Soldier.

23 NEQS refer to:
(A) Environment (B) Upper atmosphere (C) Sea- bed (D) Continental shelf

24 ICAO'S headquarters are located in:
(A) New York (B) Montreal (C) Ottowa (D) Geneva (E) Brussels

25 ICAO is a U.N, agency dealing with;
(A) White collar crimes (B) Civil Aviation. (C) Main time shipping (D) Drug smuggling

26 FIFA deals with:
(A) Tennis (B) Motor car racing (C) Soccer (D) Baseball (E) cricket.

27 The Tules Rimet Trophy was won by:
(A) Brazil (B) Argentian (C) Italy (D) Germany (B) South Africa

28 Mr. Zuifiquar Ale Bhutto was; -
(A) President (B) Prime Minister (C) CMLA (D) All three.

29 The AGNI is a:
(A) ICBM (B) SSM (medium range) (C) Hindu Cult (D) Indian Political party (E) Name of ship

30The Universal declaration of Human rights was adopted in:
(A) 1948 (B) 1945 (C) 1949 (D) 1928 (E)1956

31. Diego Garcia is home to:
(A) NATO troops (B) British troops (C) US Navy and Air force (D) Indian Navy (E) Australian Navy

32 Ex-President Solobodan Milosovjch is under trial by:
(A) International Court of Justice (B) Special war crimes Tribunal (C) Old Bailey (D) Scottish Court (E) Lincolns Inn

33The fact that heat flows naturally from a hotter body to a cooler body is a consequence of which of the following principles of physics?
(A) Ideal gas law (B) Conservation of charge (C) Conservation of momentum (D) First law of thermodynamics (E) Second law of thermodynamics (Entropy increase)

34 Algebra is derived from……….. language;
(A) Arabic (B) Sanskrit (C) Latin (D) Greek

35 The shortest distance between two points is cabled:
(A) curved line (B) straight line (C) obtuse angle (D) Acute angle,

36 The boiling point of Fahrenheit thermometer is;
(A) 121° (B) 212° (C) 100° (D) Zero

37 Sun is_____ times larger than earth:
(A) 14,00000 (B) 13,0000 (C) 900,000 (D) 11,00000

38 Pakistan is situated in ……….. region:
(A) Post-monsoon (B) Monsoon (C) Cold weather (D) Hot weather

39 The fastest swimming fish is:
(A) Dolphin (B) Whale (C) Shark (D) Star fish.

40 The chemical name of chalk is:
(a) Sodium Hydroxide (B) Calcium Carbonate (C) Calcium sulphate (D) Sodium Bi-carbonate.

41 The term CPU stands for:
(A) Control processing un:-t (B) Central processing unit (C) Copy processing unit (D) correct processing unit

42 Which of the following does not react with a dilute H2, SO4 solution?
(A) NaNo3 (B) Na2 S (C) Na3 PO4 (D) Na2 CO3 (E) NaOH

43 Which of the following gases in Least dense when all are measured under the same conditions.
(A) CO2 (B) Cl2 (C) SO2 (D) H2 (E) NO

44 The oxygen produced during photosynthesis is derived from ;
(A) Glucose (C6 H12 O6) (B) CO2 (C). H2O (D) Ribulose Bisphosphate (E) ATP

45 For which of the following values of k will the value of 3k -1 be greater than 10?
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C)2 (D) 1 (E) 0

46 Which of the following numbers is between 1/5 and 1/4?

(A) 0.14 (B) 0.15 (C) 0.19 (D) 0.21 (E) 0.26

47 If 2x – 10=20, then x –5=
(A) 5 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D) 20 (E) 30

48 If there is no waste, how many square yards of carpeting is needed to cover a rectangular floor that is 12 feet by 18 feet?
(A) 8 (B) 16 (C) 24 (D) 30 (E) 216.

49If the volume of a cube is 8 , what is the shortest distance from the centre of the cube to the base of the cube?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 4 (D) under root 2 (E) 2 under root 2

50 Most amphibians are characterized by all of the following except:
(A) Simple lungs (B) Multichambered heart (C) eggs protected by shells (D) larvae that developed in water (E) external fertilization

Sunday the 08th September 2002
2.00.P.M. to 3.00.P.M................................Max: marks: 100

1 . Write your NAME, FATHER'S NAME, ROLL NUMBER on Answer sheet only.
2. Write total number of questions attempted in Column provided
3. Use Blue /Black Ball point only
4. Write answers on answer sheet only
5. On completion hand in Answer sheet to Supervisor/Invigilator
Cross appropriate box on answer sheet only.

SPSC PAPER FOR the post of Mukhtiarkar

Sindh Public Service Commission, Hyderabad
Paper-I .......ENGLISH -language /comprehension
Written Test for Recruitment to the post of Mukhtiarkar

Sunday the 08th September 2002
Time 10.30.A..M. to 12.00 Noon..................Max: marks:100


01 Make a precis of the following passage and give it a suitable title: 40

Any one who trains animals recognize that human and animal perceptual capacities are different. For most humans, .seeing is believing, although we do occasionally brood about whether we can believe our eyes. The other senses are largely ancillary; most of usdo not know how we might go about either doubting or believing our noses. But for dogs, scenting is believing. A dog's nose is to ours as the wrinkled surface of our complex brain is to the surface of an egg. A dog who did comparative psychology might easily worry about our consciousness or lack thereof, just as we worry about the consciousness of a squid.
We who take sight for granted can draw pictures of scent, but we have no language for doing it the other way about, no way to represent something visually familiar by means of actual scent. Most humans cannot know, with their limited noses, what they can imagine about being deaf, blind; mute or paralyzed. The sighted can, for example, speak of a blind person as "In the darkness", but there is no corollary expression for what it is that we are in relationship to scent. If we tried to coin words, we might come up with something like "scent-blind". But what would it mean? It couldn't have the sort of meaning that "colour - blind", and "tone –deaf" do because most of us have experienced what "tone" and "colour" mean in those expressions, but we don't know what "scent" means in the expression "scent-blind". Scent for may of us can be only a theoretical, technical expression that we use because our grammar requires that we have a noun to go in the sentences we are prompted to utter about animals tracking. We don’t have sense of scent. What we do have is a sense of smell-for food and skunks and a number of things we call chemicals.
So if my dog and I are sitting on the terrace, admiring the view, we inhabit World with radically different principles of phenomenology. Say that the wind is to our backs. Our world lies al! Before us, within a 180 degree angle. The dog's……….well wedon't know, do we?
He sees roughly the same things that Isee but he believes the scents of the garden behind us. He marks the path of the black - and -white cat as she moves among the roses in search of the bits of chicken sandwich I let fall as 1 walked from the house to our picnic spot. 1 can show that the dog is alert to the kitty, but not how for my picture -making modes of thought too easily supply falsifyingly literal representations of the cat and the garden and their modes of being hidden from or revealed to me.

02 English Comprehension: 20

The passage above isfollowed by questions based on its contents. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in each Passage. Write the correct answer.

(a) The phrase "other senses are largely ancillary" is used by the Author to suggest that;
(i) only those events experienced directly can be appreciated by the senses
(ii) For many human beings the sense of sight is the primary means of knowing about the world
(iii) Smell is in many respects a more powerful sense than Sight
(iv) People rely on atleast one of their other senses in order to confirm what they are
(v) The perceptual capacity of an animal is a function of its ability to integrate all of its senses.

(b)The example in the last paragraph suggests that "Principles of Phenomenology" mentioned in can best be defined as:
(i) Memorable things that happen
(ii) Behaviour caused by certain kinds of perception
(iii) Ways and means of knowing about something
(iv) Rules one uses to determine the philosophical truth about a certain things
(v) Effect of a single individuals perception on what others believe

(c) The missing phrase in the complete sentence, "The dog's………….well We don't know, do we?" refers to:
(i) colour blindness
(ii) depth perception
(iii) perception of the world
(iv) concern for our perceptions
(v) motivation for action

(d)The author uses the distinction between "that" and "how" in order to suggest the difference between:
(i) Seeing and believing
(ii) A cat's way arid a dogs way of perceiving
(iii) Verifiable hypotheses and whimsical speculation
(iv) Awareness of presence and the nature of that awareness
(v) false representations and accurate representative

(e) The example in thelast paragraph is used to illustrate how:
(i) a dog's perception differs from a human's
(ii) human beings are not psychologically rooted in the natural world
(iii) People fear nature but animals are part of it
(iv) A dogs ways of seeing are superior to a cats .
(v) Phenomenology is universal and constant

03 For each question below select the best answer from among the choices given: 20

(i) Residents of a secluded island fear that …………………commercial development Will………their quiet way of life.
(A) widespread ......... ..reinforce
(B) waning .........Harm
(C) Diminishing ……..reform
(D) encroaching ....... disturb
(E) further ............... aid.

(ii) Though it is often exclusively…………Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually…….parts of eight other South American countries.
(A) protected by ..... .,..,,... threatens
(B) located in .... .......... bypasses
(C) Limited to ............ touches
(D) surrounded by ........ borders
(E) associated with ... .......... covers

(iii) On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a……,receiving a much-needed…….of cash in the form of a Government loan.
(A) reprieve............. infusion
(B) determent.......... inducement
(C) rebate............... Advance
(D) hearing............. security
(E) procurement...... Account

(iv) Galloping technological progress has made consumers………:advances undreamed of a generation age are so common that they seem humdrum.
(A) Flabbergasted (B) miffed (C) jaded (D) wary (E) embittered

(v) Laila performed her tasks at the office with…………….completing all her projects in record time.
(A) alacrity (B) conformity (C) deliberation (D) recrimination
(E) exasperation

04 Each question consists of a related pair of words or phrases followed by five pairs ofwords or phrases (A through E). Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair:........................20

(i) Audience : Theater
(A) Crew : ship (B) scholars : library (C) group : society
(D) Spectators: Arena (E) Actors :stage

(ii) Quart : Volume
(A) day : night (B) mile : distance (C) decade : century (D) Friction : heat (E) part : whole,

(iii) Abrasive : Skin
(A) Flammable : fire (B) resilient: shock (C) Soluble : water ,(D) Corrosive: iron (E) responsive : stimulus

(iv) Canal : Waterway
(A) skyline : city (B) bank : stream (C) hule : Wheel
(D) dam : rive: (E) reservoir : lake

(v) Throng : People
(A) game : players (B) picnic : woods (C) swarm : insects

(D) cat : kittens. (E) vase : flowers

(vi) Ethics : Morality
(A) premise: induction (B) jurisprudence : law (C) logic : error (D) taboo : custom (E) proof: generalization

(vii) Aberration : Standard
(A) Censorship : news (B) statement : Policy (C) detour : route (D) rumour : gossip (E)encore : performance

(viii) Compass : Navigation
(A) Physician : disease (B) pilot : flight (C) clock : dial (D) camera : photography (E) map : area

(ix) Quibble : Criticism
(A) Sermon : duty (B) jeer : respect (C) source ; information

(D) tiff : quarrel (E) scandal : disgrace

(x) Glower : Anger.
(A) Sneer : contempt (B) grin : expression (C) fidget : movement (D) console : grief (E) slander : accusation





Physics past papers css 2011

Physics past papers css 2011



Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box in the answer sheet.

1. One of the modes of acquiring state territory is:
(a) Jurisdicition (b) occupation (c) insurjency (d) Non of these

2. The name of the present secretary general of the UN is:
(a) Kofi Anaan (b) Boutros gali (c) Ban ke Mon (d) Non of these

3. The preamble to the universal declariation on human rights was adopted on:
(a) 12 jan 1949 (b) 10 Dec 1948 (c) 6th Aug 1947 (d) Non of these

4. The right of innocent passage means:
(a) right of a foreign merchant ship to pass un-hindered through the territorial sea of the cost
(b) Not to publicize dangers to navigation in the sea
(c) To over look regulations of marri-time traffic
(d) Non of these

5. The basic frame work for the nature and characteristics of treaties was defined in the:
(a) Vinnea convention on the law of treaties 1969
(b) Geneva connvention on the high seas 1958
(c) Vinnea convention on the law of treaties 1986
(d) Non of these

6. With drawal of recognition is more easily achieved with respect to:
(a) Defact recognition
(b) Collective Recognition
(c) Implied Recognition
(d) Non of these

7. The father of International Law is:
(a) David Dudley field
(b) Hugo Grotius
(c) Geremy bentham
(d) Non of these

8. Internal waters of a state are, such waters which are:
(a) found on the land-ward side of base line from which the territorial sea is measured.
(b) Adjusant to the exculsive fisheries zone.
(c) waters flowing into the high sea's
(d) Non of these

9. The doctrine of open sea was eloborated by:
(a) Blunt schilli
(b) Pufendorf
(c) Grotius
(d) Non of these

10. According to article 3 of the 1982 convention on the law of the sea the breadth of the territorial sea is:
(a) 10 miles
(b) 12 miles
(c) 14 miles
(d) Non of these

11. The term Men of War signifies:
(a) Military personal
(b) A warship
(c) An aircraft carrier
(d) Non of these

12. The number of judges constituting the international court of justice are:
(a) 15
(b) 12
(c) 10
(d) Non of these

13. Terra Nullius means:
(a) Island in the sea
(b) No territory
(c) Territory belonging to no state
(d) Non of these

14. The Acroniyum WMD stands for:
(a) Western missile defense
(b) Weapons of mass distruction(c) World metrological Department
(d) Non of these

15. Hot persuit is the principle designed to ensure:
(a) Vessiles voilating rules of coastal state cannot escape punishment by fleeing to high sea's
(b) Capture
(c) Cancellation of Registration
(d) Non of these

16. Piracy, according to law of sea convention 1982 is:
(a) An illegal act by crew of private ship on the high sea's.
(b) An act of sabotage
(c) Act permisible in certain cases
(d) Non of these

17. The general assembly of the UN is :
(a) The most powerful organ
(b) A supervisory body
(c) An elected House
(d) Non of these

18. The charter of the UN is a comprehensive document having:
(a) 112 articles
(b) 111 articles
(c) 108 articles
(d) Non of these

19. One of the amicable means of settling state disputes is:
(a) Concillation
(b) Blockade
(c) War
(d) Non of these

20. The bulk of the rules of International law are derived from:
(a) Judicial decisions
(b) work of publicites
(c) Customs
(d) Non of these


International Law

Note: Attempt only four questions from part-2.All questions carry equal marks.

Q.1 Define International personality and discuss various entities as International Legal person.

Q.2 How far do you think that International Law is based on common consent of States? Evaluate importance of customary law and treaty law as binding in this regard

Territory is undoubtedly the basic character of a state as well as widely accepted elaborate with reference to exclusive rights of states on Land and Air territory.

Q.4 How far has the United Nation succeeded in developing a comprehensive system of Human Rights protection? Can emphasis on social justice and Human rights lead to a stable International Order?

Q.5 Define State jurisdiction and explain how domestic jurisdiction can be limited by and reduced by principles of International Law?

Q.6 keeping in view the objectives of the charter seeking to establish a mechanism of peace and security how far has United Nations succeeded in confronting changes in Global society?

Q.7 Describe Importance of diplomacy in interstate relations and discuss the concept of diplomacy and immunity?
TIME ALLOWED Part-I 30 Minutes Maximum Marks 20
Part-II 2 hours & 30 Minutes Maximum marks 80
Part – I ( MCQ)

Q.1 select the best option/answere and fill in the appropriate box on the answere sheet.

1) Ferdinand Tonnies used the term --------------. To refer to societies dominated by impersonal relationships, individual accomplishment and self-interests.
(a) Society (b) Gesellschaft
(c) Community (d) Gemeinschaft

2) When the researcher asks the respondent face to face questions, this method is called
(a) Interview Schedule (b) Questionnaire
(C) Observation (d) interview guide

3) ----------- Is the process by which people learn all patterns of social life.
(a) Interaction (b) Communication
(c) Socialization (d) Dissemination

4) According to ------- all societies across the world are stratified.
(a) Anthropologists (b) Sociologists
(C) Economists (d) Political Scientists

5) Biological characteristics distinguishing male from female is called ------
(a) Heterosexuality (b) Gender
(c) Sex (d) Homosexuality

6) A family consisting of step relations is called :
(a) Plural family (b) Joint family
(C) Extended family (d) Compound family

7) Power that people consider legitimate is known as
(a) Force (b) Right
(C) Authority (d) Privilege

8) Mugging, rape and burglary are examples of ------- crimes.
(a) Organized crimes (b) general crimes
(c) Street crimes d) Modern crimes

9) A norm is always enforced by sanctions.
(a) True (b) False

10) Society is the largest and most complex group that sociologists study.
(a) True (b) False

11) Endogamy is the marriage among certain relatives.
(a) True (b) False

12) Social structure of a society is the network of -------------
(a) Institutional Relations (b) Value system
(c) Traditions (d) Compliance to norms

13) Polygamy means ------------------
(a) Several Husbands (b) Several Wives
(C) Several Marriages (d) Single Marriage

14) Demography means -------------:
(a) Male Population (b) Human Population
(c) Women population (d) Adult Population

15) ------------ is striving for equal treatment of women and men and for abolishing inequality.:
(a) Feminism (b) Gender Studies
(C) Political Science (d) Law

16) WID approach believes in:
a) Gender mainstreaming b) Gender Segregation
c) Incorporating women in development activities d) None of these

17) Is Pakistan a signatory of CEDAW?
(a) Yes (b) No

18) Human Rights pertain to caring for the rights of;
a) Women b) Men
c) Minorities d) All of these.

19) Symbolic behavior of a person means ------------
a) Meaningful behavior b) Covert behavior
c) Overt behavior d) Significant behavior

20) Gerontology is the study of ---------------
a) Human beings b) Special groups
c) Aged and aging d) all of these

TIME ALLOWED Part-I 30 Minutes Maximum Marks 20
Part-II 2 hours & 30 Minutes Maximum marks 80

Q.2. Discuss the major contributors of Max Weber in understanding the society theoretically.

Q.3. Discuss the term Social Research and explain the important steps of inducting social research.

Q.4. Discuss Migration as a social phenomenon.

Q.5. Define the term “Social Change”. How it occurs in a traditional society? Disucss it in detail.

Q.6. Karl Marx “Theory of Labour” Discuss in detail.

Q.7. Define the term “Social Problem”. Discuss smuggling a social problem in a society.

Q.8. Define the term “Community” and discuss the important characteristics of rural and urban community.

Economics Paper css 2011 paper-11



NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.

Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

(i) Ceteris paribus is a Latin term meaning:
(a) “one by one”
(b) “equal under the law.”
(c) “other things being equal.”
(d) “in accordance with the law.”

(ii) The slope of a curve is:
(a) constant in the case of a straight line
(b) positive in the case of a direct relationship
(c) negative in the case of an inverse relationship
(d) equal to the change in vertical movement divided by the change in horizontal movement.

(iii) If the quantity of X increases whenever the price of X decreases, one can conclude that:
(a) the relationship between the price and the quantity of X is direct
(b) the relationship between the price and the quantity of X is inverse
(c) the relationship between the price and the quantity of X is linear
(d) the relationship between the price and the quantity of X is nonlinear

(iv) A simultaneous decrease in demand and supply will always result in:
(a) a decrease in the equilibrium price
(b) an increase in the equilibrium price
(c) a decrease in the equilibrium quantity
(d) an increase in the equilibrium quantity

(v) The marginal utility of a good refers to the:
(a) total utility of the good prior to consumption of the last unit
(b) extra utility associated with consuming another unit of the good
(c) utility associated with consuming an alternative good
(d) consumer surplus associated with the consumption of an alternative good

(vi) When a firm is experiencing economies of scale:
(a) the MP curve slopes upward
(b) the LRAC curve slopes downward
(c) diminishing returns to labor have been suspended
(d) the MC curve slopes downward

(vii) Actual GDP may exceed potential GDP for a short period of time when:
(a) the unemployment rate is high
(b) plants run extra shifts that ordinarily are not scheduled.
(c) plants are shut down to remove old equipment and install new equipment
(d) any or all of the above occur.

(viii) An example of frictional unemployment is:
(a) workers at General Motors plants laid off because of slow car sales.
(b) steel workers laid off by plant closings.
(c) a teenager who has quit work at McDonald’s waiting to take a job next week at the car wash
(d) Inner-city welfare mothers taking classes to earn high-school equivalency degrees.

(ix) If inflation is expected to be 5 percent in the coming year and the nominal interest rate is 8 percent, then the real interest rate is:
(a) –3 percent
(b) 3 percent
(c) 8 percent
(d) 13 percent

(x) Which of the following is included in GDP as currently measured?
(a) food stamps
(b) used car sales
(c) additions to inventories
(d) purchases of Ford stock

(xi) Disposable income is:
(a) the same as personal income
(b) income that is used only for consumption
(c) Personal income remaining after income taxes
(d) exclusive of social security payments or welfare.

(xii) The difference between GNP and GDP is:
(a) net factor payments to foreigners
(b) indirect business taxes paid to all levels of government
(c) net exports of goods and services.
(d) capital consumption allowances.

(xiii) A country that makes large net income payments to investors in another country is likely to:
(a) have a large GDP than GNP
(b) have smaller GDP than GNP
(c) grow slower economically than the other country
(d) grow faster economically than the other country.

(xiv) Which of the following would be the best measure of changes in the standard of living in an economy, expressed in a time series?
(a) real GDP
(b) output per labor hour of output
(c) real GDP per capita
(d) nominal GDP per capita

(xv) An MPC of less than 1 means that an increase in current disposable income would cause desired consumption expenditures to:
(a) rise by less than full increase in disposable income.
(b) fall slightly because the increase in income will increase saving.
(c) rise by the full increase in disposable income.
(d) stay the same because the MPS is also less than 1.

(xvi) For money to serve as an efficient medium of exchange, it must have all but which of the following characteristics?
(a) general acceptability
(b) convertibility into precious metals
(c) high value relative to its weight
(d) divisibility

(xvii) A bond that pays interest forever and never repays the principals is called a:
(a) perpetuity
(b) preferred share
(c) fixed-term bond
(d) treasury bill

(xviii) If given the same amount of inputs, U.S farmers produce 2 tons of rice per acre while Japanese farmers produce 1 ton of rice per acre, we can be certain that:
(a) the United Sates should export rice to Japan.
(b) the United States has a comparative in rice production.
(c) the United States has an absolute advantage in rice production.
(d) Japanese farmers must be paid twice as much as American farmers.

(xix) The doctrine of comparative advantage says that there are gains from international trade:
(a) only if both comparative and absolute advantage are present in both countries.
(b) if opportunity costs are the same in the countries involved.
(c) only there are economies of scale available.
(d) if countries specialize in the production of goods in which they are relatively more efficient.

(xx) The terms of trade are measured by:
(a) the quantity of imported goods that can be obtained for each unit of an exported good.
(b) the ratio of the price of imports to the price of exports.
(c) the value of imported goods that can be obtained for each dollar of exported goods.
(d) all of the above.


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. Discuss the Agriculture Policy of Pakistan keeping in view the World Trade Organization. (20)

Q.3. Examine the Monetary Policy of Pakistan to reduce the inflation. (20)

Q.4. Discuss the critical role of Industrial sector in the economic development of Pakistan. (20)

Q.5. What are the sources of External Finance for the development of Pakistan economy? Explain ANY TWO of them. (20)

Q.6. Discuss the Agricultural Taxation of Pakistan. Do you support the Agriculture Tax? Give reasons. (20)

Q.7. Critically examine the Balance of Payments account of Pakistan. (20)

Q.8. Write short notes on ANY TWO of the following: (20)
(a) Transport and communication
(b) Privatization in Pakistan
(c) Energy & Fuel

Economics Paper css 2011




NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.
Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)
(i) Modern microeconomics theory generally regards utility as:
(a) cardinal
(b) ordinal
(c) independent
(d) Republican

(ii) A basic assumption of the theory of consumption choice is that:
(a) the consumer tries to get on the highest indifference curve
(b) the consumer tries to get the most of good Y
(c) the budget line is concave
(d) none of these

(iii) The substitution effect must always be:
(a) positive
(b) negative
(c) zero
(d) bigger than the income effect

(iv) The income effect:
(a) must always be negative
(b) must always be positive
(c) can be negative or positive
(d) must be smaller than substitution effect

(v) Normal goods experience an increase in consumption when:
(a) real income increase
(b) real income falls
(c) price rises
(d) tastes change

(vi) The demand for a good is price inelastic if:
(a) the price elasticity is one
(b) the price elasticity is less than one
(c) the price elasticity is greater than one
(d) all of these

(vii) A demand curve with unitary elasticity at all points is:
(a) a straight line
(b) a parabola
(c) a hyperbola
(d) all of these

(viii) The marginal product equals the average product when the latter is:
(a) ½ of its maximum value
(b) ¼ of its maximum value
(c) equals to its maximum value
(d) equals to its minimum value

(ix) A firm’s aspiration level is:
(a) its profits last year
(b) the boundary between “satisfactory” and “unsatisfactory” outcomes.
(c) its highest previous profit level
(d) none of these

(x) The firm’s cost functions are determined by:
(a) the price of its product
(b) its assets
(c) its production function
(d) the age of the firm

(xi) The following industry often is a natural monopoly:
(a) cigarette industry
(b) publishing industry
(c) drug industry
(d) electric power industry

(xii) Recognizing that the assumptions of perfect competition never hold at all precisely, the perfectly competitive model is:
(a) interesting mainly for academic studies
(b) outmoded and seldom used even by academic economists
(c) of considerable use to industrial economists, as well as academic economists
(d) all of these

(xiii) Under perfect competition, rivalry is:
(a) impersonal
(b) very personal and direct, advertising being important
(c) nonexistent since the firms cooperate
(d) all of these

(xiv) If average total cost is less than marginal cost at its profit-maximizing output, a perfectly competitive firm:
(a) will make positive profit
(b) will operate at a point to the right of the minimum point on the average total cost curve
(c) will not discontinue production
(d) all of these

(xv) Monopolies arise as a consequence of:
(a) patents
(b) control over the supply of a basic input
(c) franchise
(d) all of these

(xvi) A monopolistic firm will expand its output when:
(a) marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost
(b) marginal cost exceeds marginal revenue
(c) marginal cost equals marginal revenue
(d) marginal revenue is negative

(xvii) A monopolist will never produce at a point where:
(a) demand is price-inelastic
(b) demand is price-elastic
(c) marginal cost is positive
(d) marginal cost is increasing

(xviii) When demand is elastic:
(a) a fall in price is more than offset by an increase in quantity demanded, so that total revenue rises.
(b) the good is probably a necessity, so price has little effect on quantity demanded
(c) a rise in price will increase total revenue, even though less is sold.
(d) buyers are not much influenced by prices of competing proceduts

(xix) If the price elasticity of demand for product is 0.5, this means that:
(a) a 1 percent change in price will change quantity demanded by 50%
(b) a 1 percent increase in quantity demanded is associated with a 0.5 percent fall in price
(c) a 1 percent increase in price is associated with 0.5% fall in quantity demanded
(d) a 1 percent increase in price will cause a 0.5% increase in quantity demanded.

(xx) Price elasticity of demand for a commodity tends to be greater:
(a) the more of a necessity it is
(b) the more substitutes there are for it
(c) over shorter time periods
(d) the lower the price.


(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. Critically examine the elasticity of demand with reference to Price of the commodity and Income of the consumer. (20)

Q.3. Differentiate between Perfect Competition and Monopoly. Which one is followed by the real world? If not, then name the existing one. (20)

Q.4. Explain the Keynesian Consumption Function with suitable examples. (20)

Q.5. Why we demand for Money? Explain each one of them. (20)

Q.6. It is said that “Consumer Financing through Banking system is dangerous”. Explain (20)

Q.7. Differentiate between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments with suitable examples. (20)

Q.8. “Economic Growth is linked to the Development of Banking System.” Explain. (20)

International Relations PAST PAPERS 2011

International Relations 2011


Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet.

(i) The author of the book “The End of History and the Last Man” is:
a. Fukuyama
b. Huntington
c. Kissinger
d. Christine Faire
e. None of these
(ii) The author of the book “Twenty Years Crisis” is:
a. Rosenau
b. Harold J Laski
c. E. H. Carr
d. John Dewey
e. None of these
(iii) Balance of power is based on:
a. Realist Paradigm
b. Liberal Paradigm
c. Marxist Paradigm
d. Post Modernism
e. None of these
(iv) Emmanuel Kant and John Locke provides the philosophical basis for:
a. Realism
b. Liberalism
c. Post Modernism
d. Behaviouralism
e. None of these
(v) Pre Emptive Strike Doctrine confers upon states the:
a. Right to attack any potential threat to its security.
b. Right to attack when they are actually attacked
c. The responsibility to intervene in the domestic affairs of other states for humanitarian protection
d. Duty to respond to the calls of UN.
e. None of these
(vi) Modern State System is believed to have started with:
a. End of Second World War
b. Versailles Treaty
c. End of Cold War
d. Peace of Westphalia
e. None of these
(vii) The 1979 summit meeting which led to peace between Egypt and Israel was held at:
a. Camp X-Ray
b. Camp Roger
c. Camp New York
d. Camp David
e. None of these
(viii) Apartheid was a policy of the:
a. State of Israel
b. State of West Africa
c. State of South Africa
d. State of North Africa
e. None of these
(ix) Pakistan joined NAM in:
a. 1955
b. 1978
c. 1988
d. 1985
e. None of these
(x) In Pakistan:
a. All treaties must be ratified by Senate to become binding.
b. The government can bind Pakistan to any treaty without informing the Parliament.
c. Constitution requires referendum on each treaty before it becomes binding.
d. All provincial governments must also agree with the federal government before a treaty becomes binding.
e. None of these
(xi) SAARC was established in:
a. 1993
b. 1985
c. 1990
d. 1998
e. None of these
(xii) NATO has announced to hand over all security operations in Afghanistan to Afghans in:
a. 2011
b. 2012
c. 2013
d. 2104
e. None of these
(xiii) Intifada refers to:
a. The Russian revolution
b. The spontaneous popular uprising of the Palestinians beginning in the late 1980s
c. Palestinian relations with Jordan
d. The popular uprising of the Arab people for democracy
e. None of these
(xiv) Through Balfour Declaration 1917:
a. USA announced its support for creation of Israel
b. Britain announced its support for creation of independent Palestine
c. Britain announced its commitment to the creation of a Jewish state in the Middle East
d. Soviet Union announced its support ofr World Revolution
e. None of these
(xv) The current row between US and Iran is about:
a. Iran’s system of Education
b. Iran’s Democracy
c. Iran’s Nuclear Program
d. Iran’s relations with Pakistan
e. None of these
(xvi) Kerry Lugar Bill is about:
a. Aid specifically to Pakistani flood victims
b. Aid to Pakistan
c. Aid to Pakistan Army
d. Aid to Muslim countries
e. None of these
(xvii) Indo-Chinese war occurred in:
a. 1965
b. 1962
c. 1971
d. 1948
e. None of these
(xviii) Ho Chi Minh was:
a. Leader of Vietnam
b. Leader of Laos
c. Leader of Thailand
d. Leader of Japan
e. None of these
(xix) Missile crisis of 1962 was between:
a. USA, USSR and Cuba
b. USA, USSR and Argentine
c. USA, USSR and Egypt
d. USA, USSR and Iran
e. None of these
(xx) New International Economic Order:
a. Is Economic System structured after the end of Cold War.
b. Was the demand of the rich countries to change the International Economic System
c. Was the demand of the Global South to restructure the International Economic System.
d. Is the International Economic System based on technological revolution
e. None of these.
International Relations 2011
Q.2. Define International Relations.Identify and explain its continuously changing and expanding nature and subject matter?

Q.3. Define and explain the international Law.Does International Law have any real role in international Relations?

Q.4. Discuss and explain the causes of World War II. Could a different policy by Britain, France and USA have avoided its occurrence?

Q.5. Discuss the significance and increasing role of International Society in the classically sovereign domains of state with reference to United Nations. Also debate whether the UN in its present structure of status can play the increased role expected of it?

Q.6. Identify the main arguments of the Realism and Liberalism in IR. Which approach appeals to you as a better explaining IR and why? Discuss the empirical evidence.

Q.7. Discuss and analyze the role of Soviet Union during the Cold War. Was it a stabilizing or destabilizing factor in International Relations? Elaborate your answer with reference to theory and facts.

Q.8. Explain why, despite being target of terrorism, Pakistan's international allies often publicly express dissatisfaction with Pakistan's counter terrorism policy and actions ? Is this a failure of Pakistani diplomacy or weakness in its policy? Identify the fault and suggest corrective measures, if required.

Tuesday, July 19, 2011



Essay paper 2011

 1. Truth is a rare commodity despite the freedom by the print and electronic media

2.Without good communication skills, life becomes impossible in the modern world.

3.The time we live in is the winter of the world.

4. In this country reason does not apply to anything,

5.Does Pakistan society regard woman as the angel in the house or source of all evils?

6. Disaster management and government preparedness

7.Fair play and life, as it is lived,in the land of the pure.

8.The pleasures of reading.

9.What are the hurdles in our way to becoming a truly independent state?

10.Insanity in individuals is something rare but in groups,parties and nations it is the rule.

Current Affairs PAST 2008


(PART-II)…………2 Hours & 30 Minutes……..MAXIMUM MARKS:80

(i) First attempt Part-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 Minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.

Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

i. Transparency International is based in:

a. New York
b. London
c. Berlin
d. None of these

ii. The largest source of electricity generation in Pakistan comes through:

a. Thermal
b. Hydel
c. Coal
d. None of these

iii. Pakistan’s largest export partner is:

a. Saudi Arabia
b. America
c. Japan
d. None of these

iv. India is constructing Kishanganga Dam in:

a. Jammu
b. Sri nagar
c. Baramula
d. None of these

v. WAFA is the news agency of:

a. Syria
b. Jordan
c. Egypt
d. None of these

vi. Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace Prize 2007 for his campaign against:

a. Child Labour
b. Human Rights Violations
c. Global Warming
d. None of these

vii. May 3, each year is Internationally observed as:

a. World Environment Day
b. Human Rights Day
c. Press Freedom Day
d. None of these

viii. The World’s largest producer of Uranium is:

a. Australia
b. Canada
c. South Africa
d. None of these

ix. The district of the country having lowest population density is:

a. Khuzdar
b. Kalat
c. Kharan
d. None of these

x. Qantas is an airline of:

a. USA
b. Australia
c. Singapore
d. None of these

xi. The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was:

a. Anwar Saadat of Egypt
b. Yasser Arafat of Palestine
c. Abdus Salam of Pakistan
d. None of these

xii. Darfur conflict is in:

a. Somalia
b. Sudan
c. Liberia
d. None of these

xiii. Parachinar is the main town of:

a. Khyber Agency
b. North Waziristan
c. South Waziristan
d. None of these

xiv. One US Barrel oil is equal to:

a. 20 litres
b. 30 litres
c. 50 litres
d. None of these

xv. Ringgit is the currency unit of:

a. Singapore
b. Philippines
c. Malaysia
d. None of these

xvi. Pakistan is the Chairman of:

a. Non-Aligned Movement
c. Group of 77
d. None of these

xvii. The First President of America who made an official visit to Pakistan was:

a. Richard Nixon
b. Dwight D. Eishenhower
c. Lyndon B Johnson
d. None of these

xviii. The ‘Aid to Pakistan Consortium” meet every year in:

a. London
b. New York
c. Paris
d. None of these

xix. General Michael Hayden is the:

a. President of Chile
b. Defense Secretary of United States
c. Commander NATO’s force in Afghanistan
d. None of these

xx. Which of the following International Organizations has no formal structure and Secretariat?

a. Green Peace
b. D-8
c. G-8
d. None of these

(i) Part-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry equal marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. The rise of religious extremism and militancy has become a major challenge to Pakistan’s internal stability and promotion of democracy. Elaborate. (20)

Q.3. The amicable solution of Siachen glacier and Sir Creek maritime boundary disputes might harbinger the settlement of the core issue of Kashmir between Pakistan and India. Discuss. (20)

Q.4. Why Pakistan is desperately seeking full-fledged membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization? (20)

Q.5. Discuss the potential challenges Pakistan is facing in the WTO regime. (20)

Q.6. Discuss the various dimensions of Pakistan US relations in the wake of Pakistan’s playing the role as a frontline state against International terrorism. (20)

Q.7. How far India factor is responsible for the present state of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations? Analyze. (20)

Q.8. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (10+10)

a. NATO’s expansion is Eastern Europe
c. Afghanistan is SAARC
d. Great Game in Central Asia
e. Palestine issue.