Khairpur District Profile

Khairpur district is located in northern Sindh, consists of 8-talukas, Fai Ganj, Gambat, Khairpur, Kingri, Koti Diji, Mirwah, Nara and Sobho Dero.

The majority of the population i.e. 96.86% belongs to Muslim religion, Hindus share 2.82%. The common spoken language in sindhi (93.85%), other languages i.e Punjabi 3.16% and Urdu 1.37%, a minimum number of people speak Pushto and Balochi while the Siraiki is widely understood.

80% of people involved in agriculture directly or indirectly, cultivation depends upon river Indus by several canals, and a good part of land is rain fed.

The main crops is Rabi are wheat and gram, during Kharif cotton; oil seeds and sugarcance are cultivated. The main fruits produce dates, banana, mangoes, guavas, falsa, orange, and lemon. The orchards are mainly located in Khairpur, Garmbat and Kotdiji talukas.

The district identifies the “the city of date palms”, a research institute has been established in Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur for the purpose to conduct research on different aspects of date palms. According to date of 2005-06 received from the Date palm research institute Khairpur, the area consists of 22310 hectares and produced 158775 tones production. A large number of no mats come for laboring on date palms throughout sindh every year; they establish tents beside the national highway, link roads, and banks of different canals. The district also contributes highly in exports both Fresh & Dry Dates to the countries like USA, UK, India, Canada, Germany etc.

According to 1998 Census report, the population of District is 1546587 (males 610448 & 736139). Out of that 23.6% belongs to urban area and 76.4% live in the rural areas.
The average growth rate for the district during 1981 to 1998 period has been 2.71%. The sex ratio as recorded in 1998 was 110.1:100.

Growth Rate
The average growth rate for the district during the 1981 to 1998 period has been 2.71 percent, somewhat higher than the national average i.e. 2.2% and slightly lower than the average of the Sindh province ie. 2.8%.

Sex Ratio
The sex ratio as recorded in 1998 was 110.1:100. The rural: urban ratio slightly varies at 110.32:100 and 109.38:100 respectively. While the sex ratio of the Sindh province in 1998 was 111.7:100.

Literacy Rate
The overall literacy rate is 35.50% where the female ratio is 19.77% as against male literacy ratio of 46.69%. The rural literacy ratio is 30.61%, while the urban literacy is 50.68%.

The date of 2000-2001, district Khairpur has 3040 primary and mosque schools, Out of these 1085(36%) are government primary school for boys, 310(10%) for girls and 670(22%) are running as co-education. While 975(32%) are mosque schools.

4-Health Facilities
Rural health centers (RHCs) 12
Basic health units (BHUs) 73
Mother and child health centers (MCHs) 05
Dispensaries 21


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