The majority of the population i.e. 96.86% belongs to Muslim religion, Hindus share 2.82%. The common spoken language in sindhi (93.85%), other languages i.e Punjabi 3.16% and Urdu 1.37%, a minimum number of people speak Pushto and Balochi while the Siraiki is widely understood.
80% of people involved in agriculture directly or indirectly, cultivation depends upon river Indus by several canals, and a good part of land is rain fed.
The main crops is Rabi are wheat and gram, during Kharif cotton; oil seeds and sugarcance are cultivated. The main fruits produce dates, banana, mangoes, guavas, falsa, orange, and lemon. The orchards are mainly located in Khairpur, Garmbat and Kotdiji talukas.
The district identifies the “the city of date palms”, a research institute has been established in Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur for the purpose to conduct research on different aspects of date palms. According to date of 2005-06 received from the Date palm research institute Khairpur, the area consists of 22310 hectares and produced 158775 tones production. A large number of no mats come for laboring on date palms throughout sindh every year; they establish tents beside the national highway, link roads, and banks of different canals. The district also contributes highly in exports both Fresh & Dry Dates to the countries like USA, UK, India, Canada, Germany etc.
The average growth rate for the district during 1981 to 1998 period has been 2.71%. The sex ratio as recorded in 1998 was 110.1:100.
|•||Rural health centers (RHCs)||12|
|•||Basic health units (BHUs)||73|
|•||Mother and child health centers (MCHs)||05|