Gwadar is a developing port city on the southwestern Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan. It is the district headquarters of Gwadar District in Balochistan province and has a population of approximately 50,000.
Gwadar is strategically located at the apex of the Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Gulf of Oman. The city's strategic, warm-water, deep-sea Gwadar Port was completed in 2007. The port is 47 feet (14 m) deep and handles the largest cargo ships to Pakistan. The city is emerging as a trade hub and a transit for Chinese oil imports. The city has also been taking an increasing role in China's String of Pearls.
Gwadar is one of the few planned cities in Pakistan (others being Faisalabad, Jauharabad, and Islamabad), which have been developed from scratch under an urban master plan. Before development, the town was a fishing village.
Gwadar has been part of Pakistan since 8 December 1958. It is located on the coast of Arabian Sea.
Gwadar is about 533 km from Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, 120 km from Iran and 380 km from Oman.
Gwadar is located at the corridor of rich Oil and Gas producing countries in Persian Gulf and supply line.
Gwadar is famous for its warm-water and deep-sea port, known as Gwadar port.
Gwadar Port is also the nearest seaport to the energy-rich Central Asian Countries.
The under-construction China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) will connect Gwadar Port in Pakistan to the city of Kashgar in China.
The CPEC (from Gwadar to Kashgar) is about 3,000 km long.
The CPEC is a network of highways, railways and pipelines to transport oil and gas from Gwadar to China along with other electricity production projects in different parts of Pakistan.
China will spend $46 billion for the construction of CPEC.
China imports 60% of oil from Persian Gulf. With the completion of CPEC, the distance for this import will reduce from 16,000 km to a mere 5,000 km.