Paper-I .......ENGLISH -language /comprehension
Written Test for Recruitment to the post of Mukhtiarkar
Sunday the 08th September 2002
Time 10.30.A..M. to 12.00 Noon..................Max: marks:100
QUESTION NO: MARKS
01 Make a precis of the following passage and give it a suitable title: 40
Any one who trains animals recognize that human and animal perceptual capacities are different. For most humans, .seeing is believing, although we do occasionally brood about whether we can believe our eyes. The other senses are largely ancillary; most of usdo not know how we might go about either doubting or believing our noses. But for dogs, scenting is believing. A dog's nose is to ours as the wrinkled surface of our complex brain is to the surface of an egg. A dog who did comparative psychology might easily worry about our consciousness or lack thereof, just as we worry about the consciousness of a squid.
We who take sight for granted can draw pictures of scent, but we have no language for doing it the other way about, no way to represent something visually familiar by means of actual scent. Most humans cannot know, with their limited noses, what they can imagine about being deaf, blind; mute or paralyzed. The sighted can, for example, speak of a blind person as "In the darkness", but there is no corollary expression for what it is that we are in relationship to scent. If we tried to coin words, we might come up with something like "scent-blind". But what would it mean? It couldn't have the sort of meaning that "colour - blind", and "tone –deaf" do because most of us have experienced what "tone" and "colour" mean in those expressions, but we don't know what "scent" means in the expression "scent-blind". Scent for may of us can be only a theoretical, technical expression that we use because our grammar requires that we have a noun to go in the sentences we are prompted to utter about animals tracking. We don’t have sense of scent. What we do have is a sense of smell-for food and skunks and a number of things we call chemicals.
So if my dog and I are sitting on the terrace, admiring the view, we inhabit World with radically different principles of phenomenology. Say that the wind is to our backs. Our world lies al! Before us, within a 180 degree angle. The dog's……….well wedon't know, do we?
He sees roughly the same things that Isee but he believes the scents of the garden behind us. He marks the path of the black - and -white cat as she moves among the roses in search of the bits of chicken sandwich I let fall as 1 walked from the house to our picnic spot. 1 can show that the dog is alert to the kitty, but not how for my picture -making modes of thought too easily supply falsifyingly literal representations of the cat and the garden and their modes of being hidden from or revealed to me.
02 English Comprehension: 20
The passage above isfollowed by questions based on its contents. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in each Passage. Write the correct answer.
(a) The phrase "other senses are largely ancillary" is used by the Author to suggest that;
(i) only those events experienced directly can be appreciated by the senses
(ii) For many human beings the sense of sight is the primary means of knowing about the world
(iii) Smell is in many respects a more powerful sense than Sight
(iv) People rely on atleast one of their other senses in order to confirm what they are
(v) The perceptual capacity of an animal is a function of its ability to integrate all of its senses.
(b)The example in the last paragraph suggests that "Principles of Phenomenology" mentioned in can best be defined as:
(i) Memorable things that happen
(ii) Behaviour caused by certain kinds of perception
(iii) Ways and means of knowing about something
(iv) Rules one uses to determine the philosophical truth about a certain things
(v) Effect of a single individuals perception on what others believe
(c) The missing phrase in the complete sentence, "The dog's………….well We don't know, do we?" refers to:
(i) colour blindness
(ii) depth perception
(iii) perception of the world
(iv) concern for our perceptions
(v) motivation for action
(d)The author uses the distinction between "that" and "how" in order to suggest the difference between:
(i) Seeing and believing
(ii) A cat's way arid a dogs way of perceiving
(iii) Verifiable hypotheses and whimsical speculation
(iv) Awareness of presence and the nature of that awareness
(v) false representations and accurate representative
(e) The example in thelast paragraph is used to illustrate how:
(i) a dog's perception differs from a human's
(ii) human beings are not psychologically rooted in the natural world
(iii) People fear nature but animals are part of it
(iv) A dogs ways of seeing are superior to a cats .
(v) Phenomenology is universal and constant
03 For each question below select the best answer from among the choices given: 20
(i) Residents of a secluded island fear that …………………commercial development Will………their quiet way of life.
(A) widespread ......... ..reinforce
(B) waning .........Harm
(C) Diminishing ……..reform
(D) encroaching ....... disturb
(E) further ............... aid.
(ii) Though it is often exclusively…………Brazil, the Amazon jungle actually…….parts of eight other South American countries.
(A) protected by ..... .,..,,... threatens
(B) located in .... .......... bypasses
(C) Limited to ............ touches
(D) surrounded by ........ borders
(E) associated with ... .......... covers
(iii) On the verge of financial collapse, the museum was granted a……,receiving a much-needed…….of cash in the form of a Government loan.
(A) reprieve............. infusion
(B) determent.......... inducement
(C) rebate............... Advance
(D) hearing............. security
(E) procurement...... Account
(iv) Galloping technological progress has made consumers………:advances undreamed of a generation age are so common that they seem humdrum.
(A) Flabbergasted (B) miffed (C) jaded (D) wary (E) embittered
(v) Laila performed her tasks at the office with…………….completing all her projects in record time.
(A) alacrity (B) conformity (C) deliberation (D) recrimination
04 Each question consists of a related pair of words or phrases followed by five pairs ofwords or phrases (A through E). Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair:........................20
(i) Audience : Theater
(A) Crew : ship (B) scholars : library (C) group : society
(D) Spectators: Arena (E) Actors :stage
(ii) Quart : Volume
(A) day : night (B) mile : distance (C) decade : century (D) Friction : heat (E) part : whole,
(iii) Abrasive : Skin
(A) Flammable : fire (B) resilient: shock (C) Soluble : water ,(D) Corrosive: iron (E) responsive : stimulus
(iv) Canal : Waterway
(A) skyline : city (B) bank : stream (C) hule : Wheel
(D) dam : rive: (E) reservoir : lake
(v) Throng : People
(A) game : players (B) picnic : woods (C) swarm : insects
(D) cat : kittens. (E) vase : flowers
(vi) Ethics : Morality
(A) premise: induction (B) jurisprudence : law (C) logic : error (D) taboo : custom (E) proof: generalization
(vii) Aberration : Standard
(A) Censorship : news (B) statement : Policy (C) detour : route (D) rumour : gossip (E)encore : performance
(viii) Compass : Navigation
(A) Physician : disease (B) pilot : flight (C) clock : dial (D) camera : photography (E) map : area
(ix) Quibble : Criticism
(A) Sermon : duty (B) jeer : respect (C) source ; information
(D) tiff : quarrel (E) scandal : disgrace
(x) Glower : Anger.
(A) Sneer : contempt (B) grin : expression (C) fidget : movement (D) console : grief (E) slander : accusation