Post Independence Problems
Pakistan was carved out in desperate urgency. It came into existence with horrible loss of life and property, and the migration of millions of dazed and destitute men, women, and children. The cost was heavy in terms of human suffering. But what the Muslims wanted and what they achieved was a homeland of their own. They now had the freedom to worship, practice their religious faith and develop their culture. Moreover, independence had opened up a bright future for the Muslims, who hoped for a better standard of living, economic development, prosperity and a fuller life.
But it seemed in those early years (1947-58) that the immense sacrifices might have been in vain for Pakistan had been struggling from one major crisis to another, fighting to ward off the multiple problems that threatened the nation.
Quaid e azam was perhapes the first statesman in the world who carved an independent
sovereign state purely on the basis of an ideology i-e two-nation theory. quaid was a great
suporter of two-nation theory. In his Presidential address at lahore on 23rd march 1940 he said;
"India is not a nation nor a country.It is a sub-continent,composed of nationalities,
Hindus and Muslims being the two major nations. The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two
different religions,philosophies,social customs and literatue. They neither intermarries nor
interdine and indeed they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on
conflicting ideas and conceptions.their aspects on life and of life are different. It is quite
clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspirations from different sources of history. They
have different epois,their heroes are different and have different epitodes."
Quaid e azam after entering into politics, joine All India National Congress with a
view of securing self-rule for india through constitutional means. For this objective he
advocated Hindu-Muslim Unity. He came to be known as the "ambassodor of Hindu-Muslim unity."
However he was greatly disapointed to see the prejudicial and partisan attitude of the
congress and Hindus towards the muslims. The publication of the nehru report did the last damage.
Quai e azam at last chaged his views about Hindu-Muslim unity.
In september 1944, Quaid e azam held talks with gandhi at simla to discuss the
Rajgopalacharia formula. During these negotiations Jinnah stuck to his declared stand on the
two-nation theory and said;
"we maintain and held that Muslims and Hindus are two major nations by any definition or
test of a nation. We are a nation of a hundred million and what is more we are a nation with
our own distinctive culture and civilization,language and literature,art and architicture,
names and nomenclature,sense of values and proportions, legal laws and moral codes, customs and
calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions. In short we have owr own distinctive
outlook on life and of life. By all canons of internationallaw we are a nation."
while addressing the students of Muslim university,Alligarh on march 8,1944 he said;
"Hindus and Muslims though living in the same towns and villages,had never been banded
into one nation; they were always two separate entities."
On the same occasion he said;
"Pakistan started the moment the first non-muslim was converted to Islam in India long
before the Muslims established their rule. Through out the ages Hindus had remained Hindus and
Muslims had remained Muslims,and they had not merged their entities--that was the basis of
On 14th february 1942,he declared;
"we should base our democracy on the principles and concepts of Islam."
He wanted to see Pakistan as a country where every individual enjoyed equal rights and
privileges. He said;
"islam teaches equality,justice and fairplay to every one."
Addressing at Islamia college peshawar in 1940,the quaid said;
"we didnot demand Pakistan simply to have apiece of land but we wanted a laboratory where
we could experiment on Islamic principles."
Quaid e azam was very much optimistic about the future of Pakistan. He said;
"Pakistan has come into existence to stay forever."
According to K.B saeed;
"Another popular view regards Pakistan as splely the creation of Quaid
e azam. It was his dogged determination and sheer fanaticism which brought about the partition
of the sub-continent."